Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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Product Description:
This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
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During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty… Culture: The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

A History of Guam

By Lawrence J. Cunningham

Bess Pr Inc
Hardcover (344 pages)

A History of Guam
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Hard cover textbook written for elementary school students. This is a valuable reference for any student of Guam's history. Enhanced by historical photos from Guam's museum collections, as well as modern color photos, the carefully researched text brings to life the people and events from ancient to contemporary Guam.

Guahan Guam: The History Of Our Island

By Sanchez Pedro C

Sanchez Publishing House
Hardcover

Guahan Guam: The History Of Our Island
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The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944

By Don A. Farrell

Brand: Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (192 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944
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Book by Don A. Farrell

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)

By Mavis Warner Van Peenen

Richard Flores Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center
Released: 2009-05-31
Hardcover (164 pages)

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)
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"Van Peenen’s little book is one of the few records of Chamorro oral tradition and is therefore an invaluable source for cultural memory as well as the study of how Chamorro identity changed from centuries of cultural submergence, and clearly bears the marks of cultural domination. . . . Despite her politically incorrect diversions, Van Peenen has done a great service for Chamorro culture and identity." ―from the Introduction by John A. Peterson

Text in English and Spanish

Always Faithful: A Memoir of the Marine Dogs of WWII

By William W. Putney

Free Press
Hardcover (240 pages)

Always Faithful: A Memoir of the Marine Dogs of WWII
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The veterinarian and commanding officer of the WWII 3rd War Dog Platoon pays tribute to the four-legged soldiers who served in Guam as messengers and scouts and details his efforts to see them safely decommisioned and returned home.

Marines In World War II - The Recapture Of Guam [Illustrated Edition]

By USMC, Major O.R. Lodge

Verdun Press
Released: 2014-08-15
Kindle Edition (572 pages)

Marines In World War II - The Recapture Of Guam [Illustrated Edition]
 
Product Description:
Set in the Marianas group of islands is the American possession of Guam, U.S. territory since 1898; it was the captured by the Japanese soon after the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor and served as a symbol of the Japanese expansion. The American Forces sailed into view of Guam in 1944 determined to recapture the island for strategic and political purposes, but knew that the Japanese defenders take a heavy toll of them from their prepared positions. The story of the capture of the island is an epic of courage, bloodshed, fierce resistance by the Japanese and the indomitable will to conquer of the U.S. Marines.
Contains 99 photos and 32 maps and charts.
“I have always had a feeling of deep satisfaction in having been the commander of one of the assault elements that returned the American flag to Guam. The island once more stands ready to fulfill its destiny as an American fortress in the Pacific.
The conquest of Guam was a decisive triumph of combined arms over a formidable Japanese defensive force which took full advantage of the island’s rugged terrain.
The heroic action of the veteran Marines who seized Orote Peninsula and Apra Harbor gave the Navy a much-needed advance base for further operations in the Pacific. Once marine and Army units captured northern Guam, engineers moved in and out from the jungle the airfields from which the Twentieth Air Force launched B-29 raids, bringing the full realization of war to the Japanese homeland.”-LEMUEL C. SHEPHERD, JR., GENERAL, U. S. MARINE CORPS, COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS

History of the Mariana Islands

By Luis de Morales

University of Guam Press
Hardcover (282 pages)

History of the Mariana Islands
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Histoire des isles Marianes (History of the Mariana Islands), written in Paris in 1700, provides a detailed glimpse into a tumultuous and critically significant period in the history of the Mariana Islands and the Chamorro people - the period commonly referred to as the Spanish-Chamorro Wars. Using research conducted in several national and international archives in Madrid, Barcelona, Rome, and at the Richard F. Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center in Guam, Alexandre Coello de la Rosa produced this English translation of the first Spanish edition (Madrid, 2013) of the Histoire des isles Marianes (Paris, 1700), by Charles Le Gobien. This present edition stems from a manuscript preserved in the Arxiu de la Companyia de Jesus a Catalunya, in Barcelona, attributed to Father Luis de Morales, who had been part of the Jesuit mission to the Marianas. Thus, this text calls into question the authorship of Father Le Gobien. Not only because the French Jesuit never stepped foot in the Marianas, but also because his Histoire is based on reports, relations and letters written by other fellow Jesuits, among whom was Father Morales. This book opens with a long introduction analyzing the context of production of the Histoire, together with an annotated edition of the book over ten chapters. Finally, it includes short chronologies of the governors of the Marianas corresponding to the period between 1668 and 1700, as well as the lists of the Viceroys of New Spain (1664-1701) and the Governors and General Captains of the Philippines (1669-1701).

A Complete History of Guam

By Paul and Pedro C. Sanchez Carano

Charles E. Tuttle
Hardcover
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Octavo, [20cm/8inches] full embossed selva green cloth w/ dust jacket, pp. Fully Illustrated with b-w halftones. ex-Library of Commandinjg Officer, Naval Forces San Diego


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