Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)

By Mavis Warner Van Peenen

Richard Flores Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center
Released: 2009-05-31
Hardcover (164 pages)

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)
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"Van Peenen’s little book is one of the few records of Chamorro oral tradition and is therefore an invaluable source for cultural memory as well as the study of how Chamorro identity changed from centuries of cultural submergence, and clearly bears the marks of cultural domination. . . . Despite her politically incorrect diversions, Van Peenen has done a great service for Chamorro culture and identity." ―from the Introduction by John A. Peterson

Text in English and Spanish

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

Released: 2016-06-16
Kindle Edition (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
 
Product Description:
During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty…Culture:
The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

Repositioning the Missionary: Rewriting the Histories of Colonialism, Native Catholicism, and Indigeneity in Guam (Pacific Islands Monographs Series)

By Vicente M. Diaz

University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2010-07-13
Paperback (500 pages)

Repositioning the Missionary: Rewriting the Histories of Colonialism, Native Catholicism, and Indigeneity in Guam (Pacific Islands Monographs Series)
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In the vein of an emergent Native Pacific brand of cultural studies, Repositioning the Missionary critically examines the cultural and political stakes of the historic and present-day movement to canonize Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores (1627–1672), the Spanish Jesuit missionary who was martyred by Mata'pang of Guam while establishing the Catholic mission among the Chamorros in the Mariana Islands. The work juxtaposes official, popular, and critical perspectives of the movement to complicate prevailing ideas about colonialism, historiography, and indigenous culture and identity in the Pacific.

The book is divided into three sections. The first, "From Above, Working the Native," focuses exclusively on the narratological reconsolidation of official Roman Catholic Church viewpoints as staked in the historic (seventeenth century) and contemporary (twentieth century) movements to canonize San Vitores, including the symbolic costs of these viewpoints for Native Chamorro cultural and political possibilities not in line with Church views. Section two, "From Below: Working the Saint," shifts attention and perspective to local, competing forms of Chamorro piety. In their effort to canonize San Vitores, Natives also rework the saint to negotiate new cultural and social canons for themselves and in ways that produce new meanings for their island. "From Behind: Transgressive Histories" shifts from official and lay Roman and Chamorro Catholic viewpoints to the author’s own critical project of rendering alternative portrayals of San Vitores and Mata'pang.

Theoretically innovative and provocative, humorous, and inspired, Repositioning the Missionary melds poststructuralist, feminist, Native studies, and cultural studies analytic and political frameworks with an intensely personal voice to model a new critical interdisciplinary approach to the study of indigenous culture and history.14 illus.

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944

By Don A. Farrell

Brand: Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (192 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944
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Book by Don A. Farrell

Remember Guam

By Paula Ann Lujan Quinene

Infinity Publishing
Released: 2012-10-19
Paperback (225 pages)

Remember Guam
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"Hey Paula, I just wanted to let you know that I truly enjoyed Remember Guam! What a great set of experiences you have captured!  In reading those, I recall mine and how I miss those days gone by." 
 
Remember Guam was written to capture the memories of natives and visitors alike. This book also includes recipes not found in A Taste of Guam. Each recipe has a corresponding video on the author's website.
 
"Paula, Aloha and Hafa Adai! Hey, we used your YouTube instructions for making empanadas...what a HIT! Thanks very much for the posting and keep up the teach!"
 
"Your videos from Remember Guam are great!  Everything looks so good you can smell it cooking on the screen. Thanks for taking the time to make videos for us."
 
Get your very own copy now! Order yours today!

An American Shame: The Abandonment of an Entire American Population

By Major Ralph Stoney Bates Sr USMC Retired

Major Ralph Stoney Bates, Sr., USMC (Ret)
Released: 2016-10-13
Kindle Edition (449 pages)

An American Shame: The Abandonment of an Entire American Population
 
Product Description:
This is a true story of the Americans of Guam. Abandoned by their government even before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. That abandonment and its resultant occupation of Guam opened the door for the Japanese conquest of Dutch East Indies, the Solomon Islands, and the Philippines, and the brutal imprisonment of 25,000 American civilians in their own homelands.

These American civilians, mostly Chamorros, suffered torture, rapes, and death for 31 months awaiting the return of military and naval forces of the country who had abandoned them. All through that occupation and uncivilized brutality they remained covertly and overtly loyal to America and Americans..

Even today, these Americans of Guam struggle for recognition, restitution, and rewards for their unfailing contributions and loyalty to the United States of America. This is one of their many stories:

Not too long ago, a young American soldier arrived home here from one of our recent wars in a foreign land. He arrived in a wooden casket, draped with an American flag. A guard of honor escorted his remains and local dignitaries honored his return home, greeting him at the airport in a manner all military war casualties deserve.
He served his country honorably and gave his life, not only defending America, but giving the people in a foreign land the right to choose their own destiny — the right to vote for their leaders, the right to own property, the right to prosper by the sweat of their own brow, the right to receive benefits from the government that levies taxes on them, and protection from government's ability to take their property without due process. These are some of the things that young soldier fought and died for— things he cannot have.

Before this young man entered military service — and had he lived to return here as a military veteran — he was and would have been ineligible to vote for his commander-in-chief, the president of the United States. He would be required to pay taxes, but would not receive the full benefits of that taxation. For example, he would pay tax for the Affordable Care Act but would not be eligible for its benefits.

Where this young soldier is buried, and where his father lives, American flags fly from masts and standards, the Star Spangled Banner is sung, and pride for America is firmly rooted in the hearts and minds of every living soul. Indeed, here the World War II population — those Tom Brokaw forgot to write about in his "The Greatest Generation," the grandparents of this young soldier — was abandoned by its government to face imprisonment, brutality, torture and attempted extermination by Japan during 31 months of agony from December 1941 to July 1944.
Their love and pride in America knows no bounds. And, even though limited U.S. citizenship was granted this population by Congress after the war, they have all the requirements and demands of citizenship, but not all of the rights of citizenship.
They have no representation (law making vote) in the Congress of the United States. Yet, they continue to march to the sound of the guns when America calls.

This is Guam, America’s western outpost, occupied by the guardians of the outer limits on America’s frontier. The first to see the sun rise over American soil are the people of Guam. As retired Marine Brigadier Gen. Vicente Blaz once told Congress about the people of Guam, “equal in war, unequal in peace.” That statement appropriately describes these American military veterans and retired military residing here. It’s a national disgrace the American people should tell Congress to correct. Soon!

The author spent six months on the American island of Guam and over a year of intensive research, and reflects his admiration for the Chamorros of Guam, and his incomprehension of their treatment by the United States government.

This book is to awaken the American people, all the American people, to the stories of a society of captives, and their dreams of just

The Island of Guam: With Map and 12 Illustrations (Classic Reprint)

By L. M. Cox

Forgotten Books
Paperback (122 pages)

The Island of Guam: With Map and 12 Illustrations (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from The Island of Guam: With Map and 12 Illustrations

The language appears to be intermediate between the Philippine and the Melanesian linguistic groups. Internal evidence, such as their use of the Sanscrit names for rice and the betel nut, tends to show that the ancient Chamorro race migrated from the Malay Archipelago later than the Polynesians, who took their departure before the introduction from India of either rice or betel nut.

The ancient Chamorros were Malays. The present inhabitants are a very much mixed race, with the Malay strain predominating. The average native has a brown skin, straight black hair, dark eyes, oval jace, well-formed features, smooth' skin, prominent nose and lips, short stature (below that of Europeans), well-padded flesh but with no tendency to corpulency. The women are somewhat shorter than the men, are in general somewhat stronger, and, at least when young, have clearer light-brown complexions, with straight, well-oiled hair, which they do after the fashions prevailing in Manila.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Sacrifice of Guam, 1919-1943 (The Pictorial History of Guam)

By Don A. Farrell

Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (251 pages)

The Sacrifice of Guam, 1919-1943 (The Pictorial History of Guam)
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Don Farrell is a well known historian and educator of the greater Micronesia island area, specializing in the history of Guam. This portion of his Guam history covers the crucial period from post WWI to the United States' temporary surrender of Guam to the Japanese during World War II.


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