Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

Adams Evan
Paperback (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
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  • Guam History Culture Travel Guide and Tourism The Origin of the Chamorro Race American Settlement Government Politics Economy People and Tradi
Product Description:
During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty… Culture: The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July - 10 August 1944) (American Forces in Action Series)

By U.S. Army Center for Military History

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (148 pages)

Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July - 10 August 1944) (American Forces in Action Series)
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The seizure of Guam in July-August 1944 added another base to our growing chain of possessions encircling the Japanese homeland. Marine troops made the initial landings on Guam and were aided in capturing the island by army units, comprised chiefly of the 77th Infantry Division. Guam tells the Army's part of the campaign. This study is based upon a first narrative prepared in the field from military records and from notes and interviews recorded during the operation by S/ Sgt. James M. Burns. “Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July-10 August 1944)” is one of a series of fourteen studies of World War II operations originally published by the War Department's Historical Division and now returned to print as part of the Army's commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of that momentous clash of arms. These volumes, prepared by professional historians shortly after the events described, provide a concise summary of some of the major campaigns and battles fought by American soldiers.

The Pictorial History of Guam: The Americanization 1898-1918

By Don A Farrell

Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (193 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: The Americanization 1898-1918
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The Japanese Administration of Guam, 1941-1944: A Study of Occupation and Integration Policies, with Japanese Oral Histories

By Wakako Higuchi

Brand: McFarland
Paperback (336 pages)

The Japanese Administration of Guam, 1941-1944: A Study of Occupation and Integration Policies, with Japanese Oral Histories
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During World War II, Guam was the only American territory where Japan "administered" the occupied local people. "Organic integration" was the purpose and goal of the Japanese Navy's two and a half year administration of the local Chamorro people, but the navy's attempts failed before U.S. reinvasion in July 1944. By emphasizing the extent of Japan's Mandate in Micronesia, this book examines the Japanese Navy's social, economic, and cultural approaches to "organic integration." Using abundant primary data, the author gives a clear and verifiable picture of the whole occupation period and the Japanese ruling ideology for not only Guam but the entire region--and finds new ways to consider just why Japan went to war. Personal testimonies and documents are included to illustrate the Japanese mentality of war as it unfolded.

The Useful Plants of the Island of Guam: With an Introductory Account of the Physical Features and Natural History of the Island, of the Character and ... Their Agriculture, Vol. 9 (Classic Reprint)

By William Edwin Safford

Forgotten Books
Paperback (546 pages)

The Useful Plants of the Island of Guam: With an Introductory Account of the Physical Features and Natural History of the Island, of the Character and ... Their Agriculture, Vol. 9 (Classic Reprint)
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Mr. W. E. Safford, assistant botanist in theD epartment of A griculture, for several yeai-s availed himself of the opportunit} afforded him as a lieutenant in the United States Navy to study and observe the useful plants of the Tropics. In addition to cruises in other parts of the world he visited, in 1886, 1887, 1894, and 1899, Upolu and Tutuila of theS amoan group, andO ahu of the Hawaiian group; and from A ugust, 1899, to A ugust, 1900, he acted as assistant governor of the island of Guam. This paper has been prepared by Mr. Safford through the recent elaboration of notes and observations made in those years. While presented under the title The Useful Plants of Guam, it includes some reference, however brief, to every plant known to occur on that island, particular note being made of those which have been described from Guam by various writers as species new to science. It discusses the principal plants used for food, liber, oil, starch, sugar, and forage in the Pacific tropical islands recently acquired by the United States, and gives their common names not only in Guam but in the Philippine I slands, Samoa, Hawaii, and Porto Rico. The method of cultivating and propagating the more important species is treated in considerable detail, as is the preparation of their derivative products, such as arrowroot, copra, and cacao. The publication will be useful to the rapidly increasing number of American travelers and officers who wish to have in language of as little technicality as possible information about the economic plants of the world; and while the author does not lay claim to more than a report on the island of Guam, much of the information he gives is applicable throughout the Tropics. Besides consulting the original narratives of travelers, Mr. Safford took advantage of his exceptional opportunities to study the archives of Guam, and his account of th
(Typographical errors above are due to OCR software and don't occur in the book.)

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)

By Mavis Warner Van Peenen

Richard Flores Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center
Released: 2009-05-31
Hardcover (164 pages)

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)
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"Van Peenen’s little book is one of the few records of Chamorro oral tradition and is therefore an invaluable source for cultural memory as well as the study of how Chamorro identity changed from centuries of cultural submergence, and clearly bears the marks of cultural domination. . . . Despite her politically incorrect diversions, Van Peenen has done a great service for Chamorro culture and identity." ―from the Introduction by John A. Peterson

Text in English and Spanish

The Phoenix Rises: A Mission History of Guam

By O.F.M. Cap Sullivan Julius

Seraphic Mass Association
Hardcover

The Phoenix Rises: A Mission History of Guam
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Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam

By Preissig Edward Ritter Von 1870-

Preissig Edward Ritter Von 1870
Paperback (258 pages)

Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam
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  • Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam
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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.


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