Oregon History - the history of Oregon
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Oregon   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Oregon History

   
 

Oregon History


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Oregon was inhabited by Native American peoples including the Bannock, Chinook, Klamath and Nez Perce.

The British navigator, James Cook, explored the Oregon coast in 1778 while searching for the Northwest Passage. The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled throught the region (1805 to 1806), as did Britain's David Thompson (1811). As a result, the abundance of fur-bearing animals in the region became known, and in 1811 the Pacific Fur Company established Fort Astoria at the mouth of the Columbia River, which was the first permanent European settlement in the area.

During the War of 1812, the British took control of the Pacific Fur Company outposts. And for the next two decades, the British Hudson Bay Company dominated the region, and established Fort Vancouver in 1825.

The establishment of the Oregon trail brought new settlers to the region, and for a period it seemed that Britain and the United States would go to war, until the 1846 Oregon Treaty set the boundary between the United States and British North America (which later became Canada at the 49th parallel.

European settlement increased following the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850 (which gave free land to white immigrants into the Oregon Territory), and the forceable resettlement of Native Americans into Indian Reservations. Oregon was admitted as the 33rd state of the Union on February 14th 1859.

In the 1880s, the arrival or railroads brough further settlement as well as new economic opportunties. The state began industrializing following the construction of the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River (1943).


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Hiking Oregon's History : The Stories Behind Historic Places You Can Walk to See

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Recounted in a fresh style that's fun for armchair travelers and hikers alike, this guidebook tells the stories behind 56 of Oregon's most scenic historic sites. Come follow Lewis and Clark's trail across Tillamook Head. Ride with Chief Joseph on his tragic retrat through Hells Canyon. Discover paths to fire lookouts, lighthouses, and abandoned gold mines. Relive legends, discoveries, scandals, and triumphs that rocked the West. Come hike Oregon's history!

The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey

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A celebration of Oregon’s natural beauty, recreational delights, and quirky charms showcasing thirty-two scenes from every corner of the state, this coloring book provides hours of entertainment and relaxation. Bring your creative touch to everything from bikes to bridges to Bigfoot, from forests to food trucks to flora and fauna, from Crater Lake to Cannon Beach to the Cascades, and from Powell’s Books to the Pendleton Round-Up to the Painted Hills.

Roadside History of Oregon

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Great and Minor Moments in Oregon History: An Illustrated Anthology of Illuminating Glimpses into Oregon's Past — From Prehistory to the Present

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From the legendary to the obscure -- Oregon history as you may never have known it

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Oregon's Promise: An Interpretive History

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Oregon State University Press
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The People’s School is a comprehensive history of Oregon State University, placing the institution’s story in the context of state, regional, national, and international history. Rather than organizing the narrative around presidencies, historian William Robbins examines the broader context of events, such as wars and economic depressions, that affected life on the Corvallis campus. Agrarian revolts in the last quarter of the nineteenth century affected every Western state, including Oregon.  The Spanish-American War, the First World War, the Great Depression of the 1930s, and the Second World War disrupted institutional life, influencing enrollment, curricular strategies, and the number of faculty and staff. Peacetime events, such as Oregon’s tax policies, also circumscribed course offerings, hiring and firing, and the allocation of funds to departments, schools, and colleges. 
 
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Weird Oregon: Your Travel Guide to Oregon's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets

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