Northern Mariana Islands History - the history of the Northern Mariana Islands
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Northern Mariana Islands   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Northern Mariana Islands History

   
 

Northern Mariana Islands History


The Northern Mariana were a colony of Spain from the 16th century until 1898, when Spain sold the islands to Germany following the Spanish-American War.

Japan then occupied the islands during World War I. After the conclusion World War I, Japan obtained a League of Nations mandate over the islands in 1919.

In 1944, during World War II, the United States invaded the islands. After World War II, the islands continued to be administrated by the United States as part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the 1970s, at which point the islanders elected to forge closer links with the United States (rather than seek independence) and transition began towards territorial status. As a result, today the islands are organized as a commonwealth in political union with the United States.


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Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism

By Leo Abbott

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (152 pages)

Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism
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History of Northern Mariana Islands, Culture of Northern Mariana Islands, tourism in Northern Mariana Islands, environment and tradition in Northern Mariana Islands, Introduction: The original inhabitants and dominant ethnic group of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (The full information on Northern Mariana Island, title” Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt” has the full detail)(all the Marianas except Guam) in western Micronesia refer to themselves as Chamorros ( tsamoros ). The term chamorri was used to designate the upper caste at the time of Magellan's arrival in 1521. The Spaniards heard this as chamurres and understood it to mean "friend." By 1668

History of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Don A Farrell

Public School System, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Hardcover (701 pages)

History of the Northern Mariana Islands
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Tiempon I Manmofo'na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)

By Scott C Russell

Division of Historic Preservation
Paperback (405 pages)

Tiempon I Manmofo na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)
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The Battle for Tinian: Vital Stepping Stone in America's War Against Japan

By Nathan N. Prefer

Brand: Casemate
Released: 2012-04-18
Hardcover (240 pages)

The Battle for Tinian: Vital Stepping Stone in America s War Against Japan
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In July 1944, the 9,000-man Japanese garrison on the island of Tinian listened warily as the thunder of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Army and Air Corps, descended on their neighboring island, Saipan, just three miles away. There were 20,000 Japanese troops on Saipan, but the US obliterated the opposition after a horrific all-arms campaign. The sudden silence only indicated it was now Tinian’s turn. By the time the US 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions switched their sights to Tinian, the island had already been bombarded for a month; meantime both sides had learned their lessons from the previous island-hopping invasions. The Americans had learned the arts of recon, deception, plus preliminary firepower so as not to suffer the huge casualties they’d suffered at Saipan, Guadalcanal, and Tarawa; the Japanese, for their part, had learned not to contest US strength on beaches but to draw it further inland where terrain and bomb-proof fortifications could assist. When the battle for Tinian finally took place the US acted with great skill. Historian Samuel Elliot Morrison called it “the most perfectly executed amphibious operation of the entire war.” Nevertheless, the Japanese resisted with their usual stubbornness, and the already decimated US Marines suffered hundreds of more casualties. During the battle Japanese shore batteries were able to riddle the battleship Colorado, killing scores, plus make multiple hits on a destroyer, killing its captain. On the island itself the US used napalm for the first time, paving the way for Marines painstakingly rooting out strongpoints. One last Banzai attack signaled the end to enemy resistance, as Marines fought toe-to-toe with their antagonists in the dark. In the end some 8,000 Japanese were killed, with only 300 surrenders, plus some others who hid out for years after the war. But those Japanese who resisted perhaps performed a greater service than they knew. After Tinian was secured the US proceeded to build the biggest airport in the world on that island―home to hundreds of B-29 Superfortresses. Among these, just over a year later, were the Enola Gay and Boxcar, which with their atomic bombs would quickly bring the Japanese homeland itself to its knees.

An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)

By Howard P. Willens

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2001-10-31
Hardcover (490 pages)

An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)
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In 1975, after three centuries of colonial rule, the people of the Northern Marianas exercised their right of self-determination to become U.S. citizens in a self-governing commonwealth under U.S. sovereignty. An Honorable Accord is the remarkable account of their tenacious efforts to shape a political future separate from other Micronesian peoples, of the negotiations that produced the Covenant defining the commonwealth relationship, and its eventual approval by the Northern Marianas people and the U.S. Congress.

Their Backs against the Sea: The Battle of Saipan and the Largest Banzai Attack of World War II

By Bill Sloan

Sloan Bill
Released: 2017-06-27
Hardcover (304 pages)

Their Backs against the Sea: The Battle of Saipan and the Largest Banzai Attack of World War II
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  • Their Backs Against the Sea The Battle of Saipan and the Largest Banzai Attack of World War II
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In the midst of the largest banzai attack of the war, US Army Lt. Col. William O'Brien, grievously wounded and out of ammunition, grabbed a sabre from a fallen Japanese soldier and flailed away at a small army of assailants, screaming to his men, "Don't give them a damn inch!" When his body was recovered the next day, thirty dead enemies were piled around him.

The Battle of Saipan lasted twenty-five hellish days in the summer of 1944, and the stakes couldn't have been higher. If Japan lost possession of the island, all hope for victory would be lost. For the Americans, its capture would result in secure air bases for the new B-29s that would put them within striking distance of the Japanese homeland. The outcome of the war in the Pacific lay in the balance.

In this gritty, vivid narrative, award-winning author Bill Sloan fuses fresh interviews, oral and unit histories, and unpublished accounts to describe one of the war's bloodiest and most overlooked battles of the Pacific theater. Combining grunt's-view grit with big picture panorama (and one of the ugliest inter-service controversies of the war), Their Backs against the Sea is the definitive dramatic story of this epic battle--and an inspiring chronicle of some of the greatest acts of valor in American military history.

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Beverly A. Battaglia

B. Battaglia
Paperback (47 pages)

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands
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D-Day in the Pacific: The Battle of Saipan (Twentieth-Century Battles)

By Harold J. Goldberg

Indiana University Press
Released: 2007-05-02
Hardcover (296 pages)

D-Day in the Pacific: The Battle of Saipan (Twentieth-Century Battles)
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In June 1944 the attention of the nation was riveted on events unfolding in France. But in the Pacific, the Battle of Saipan was of extreme strategic importance. This is a gripping account of one of the most dramatic engagements of World War II. The conquest of Saipan and the neighboring island of Tinian was a turning point in the war in the Pacific as it made the American victory against Japan inevitable. Until this battle, the Japanese continued to believe that success in the war remained possible. While Japan had suffered serious setbacks as early as the Battle of Midway in 1942, Saipan was part of her inner defense line, so victory was essential. The American victory at Saipan forced Japan to begin considering the reality of defeat. For the Americans, the capture of Saipan meant secure air bases for the new B-29s that were now within striking distance of all Japanese cities, including Tokyo.

Battling for Saipan

By Francis A. O'Brien

Brand: Presidio Press
Released: 2003-02-04
Paperback (400 pages)

Battling for Saipan
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When V Amphibious Corps were preparing for the invasion of the Marianas Islands—Saipan, Guam, and Tinian—they were expecting a relatively easy fight. The Japanese appeared to be on the run. As D day for Saipan (the first of the three islands scheduled for conquest) loomed, V Corps planners felt safe in allocating a single army division as corps reserve for the conquest.
 
As Lt. Col. William J. O’Brien’s First Battalion and the 105th Infantry landed on Saipan, they had little idea what was in store for them. Enemy opposition was fierce. For the next several weeks they faced the unremitting terror of nearly continuous combat. For the 105th Infantry, the battle climaxed in an overwhelming Japanese banzai attack July 7, 1944. The regiment suffered more than 900 casualties, almost half of whom were killed in action, including First Battalion’s commander, William O’Brien, who later received the Medal of Honor for his efforts. Throughout the battle, O’Brien provided a stirring example of frontline leadership to his previously untested troops. His story is just as inspiring today.

Oba, the Last Samurai: Saipan 1944-45

By Don Jones

Brand: Presidio Pr
Hardcover (241 pages)
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In July 1944, after 28 days of bloody battle, the island of Saipan was declared secured. All Japanese troops were assumed dead and all resistance ended. As in most Pacific battles, a number of enemy troops escaped to hide in the hills and jungle. Captain Sakae Oba, one of the Japanese soldiers on Saipan, a former high school geography teacher, organized a party of some 300 soldiers and civilians.


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