Missouri History - the history of Missouri
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Missouri   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Missouri History

   
 

Missouri History


The first Europeans to reach the area that is today Missouri, were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet who explored the Mississippi River in canoes in 1673. The area was claimed for France, as part of the Louisiana Territory in 1682 by Robert Cavalier.

In the early 18th century, European immigrants accompanied by black slaves began to arrive in the area. The French constructed a fort, Fort Orleans in 1724 on Missouri River. Spain gained control of the region in 1762 by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, but did not assume control until 1770. The territory was however returned to France in 1800, who then sold it the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out to map the region, and in 1805 the Louisiana Territory was organized. When Louisiana became a state in 1812, the remaing Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory. In 1818, Missouri requested admission to the Union as a slave state. This was a difficult political problem because of the delicate balance between free and slave states. However the 1820 Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri's admission along with Maine's (the latter as a free state), and Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821.

When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its western border was a straight line, however in 1836, additional land was acquired from Native American tribes (the Platte Purchase) which added additional land to the Northwest corner of the state.

Joseph Smith, Jr. leader of the LDS ("Mormons") claimed to have received a revelation that western Missouri would become Zion, a place of gathering. Many Mormons came to the area, but were resented by other state's existing inhabitants who, unlike the Mormons, were slaveholders. There was considerable friction during this time, including violence and Smith being jailed, and in 1839 Smith and the LDS moved to Illinois.

In 1848, when the California Gold Rush begun, Missouri became an important departure point to the West, gaining the nickname "Gateway to the West".

At the start of the American Civil War (1861), Missouri voted against seceding from the Union. However, there sympathies for both sides within the state, and secessionists did try to form their own state government. There were many battles in the state, and in 1865 Missouri abolished slavery, doing so before the US adopted the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery throughout the United States of America).


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A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri

By W.M.S. Bryan

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (278 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri
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A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri is a large history of many families of Missouri, and also includes an early history of the state and Daniel Boone.

Hidden History of Downtown St. Louis

By Maureen O'Connor Kavanaugh

The History Press
Released: 2017-01-23
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Downtown St. Louis
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A reputation as the town of shoes, booze and blues persists in St. Louis. But a fascinating history waits just beneath the surface in the heart of the city, like the labyrinth of natural limestone caves where Anheuser-Busch got its start. One of the city’s Garment District shoe factories was the workplace of a young Tennessee Williams, referenced in his first Broadway play, The Glass Menagerie. Downtown’s vibrant African American community was the source and subject of such folk-blues classics as “Frankie and Johnny” and “Stagger Lee,” not to mention W.C. Handy’s classic “St. Louis Blues.” Navigate this hidden heritage of downtown St. Louis with author Maureen Kavanaugh.

On Shaky Ground: The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812 (MISSOURI HERITAGE READERS)

By Norma Hayes Bagnall

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (128 pages)

On Shaky Ground: The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812 (MISSOURI HERITAGE READERS)
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Although most Americans associate earthquakes with California, the tremors that shook the Mississippi valley in southeast Missouri from December 16, 1811, through February 7, 1812, are among the most violent quakes to hit the North American continent in recorded history. Collectively known as the New Madrid earthquakes, these quakes affected more than 1 million square miles. By comparison, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake affected only 60,000 square miles, less than one-sixteenth the area of the New Madrid earthquakes.

Scientists believe that each of the three greatest tremors would have measured more than 8.0 on the Richter scale, had that measuring device been in place in 1811. Vibrations were felt from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic coast and from Mexico to Canada. The quake zone was in constant movement during this period. Five towns in three states disappeared, islands vanished in the Mississippi River, lakes formed where there had been none before, and the river flowed backward for a brief period.

Providing eyewitness accounts from people both on the land and on the river, Bagnall captures the fears of the residents through their tales about the smells and dark vapors that filled the air, the cries of the people, the bawling of animals, and the constant roar of the river and its collapsing banks. On Shaky Ground also traces the history of the founding of New Madrid and considers the impact of the earthquakes on population and land in southeast Missouri. Predictions for future earthquakes along the New Madrid fault, as well as instructions on preparing for and surviving a quake, are also included.

Informative, clearly written, and well illustrated, On Shaky Ground will be of interest to all general readers, especially those interested in earthquakes or Missouri history.

Forty Years a Fur Trader On the Upper Missouri: The Personal Narrative of Charles Larpenteur, 1833-1872

By Charles Larpenteur

Independently published
Paperback (167 pages)

Forty Years a Fur Trader On the Upper Missouri: The Personal Narrative of Charles Larpenteur, 1833-1872
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"The life-record kept by Charles Larpenteur is one of our most important sources of information concerning the fur trade of the Upper Missouri in the nineteenth century." — Milo Milton Quaife



Born in France in 1807, Larpenteur’s family left his native country after the Bourbon restoration and settled in Baltimore, Maryland.

Following an insatiable appetite to explore the uncivilized West, Larpenteur joined the Rocky Mountain Fur Company in 1833 and traveled west to the mouth of the Yellowstone River.

An important part of fur-trade history, chronicling the business in the American West in the nineteenth century, Forty Years a Fur Trader is also an insightful source of Native American history.

Larpenteur had daily dealings with the Native American tribes of Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota and his journals reveal that he and many of the other trappers showed great respect to the native people, learning to live among them without attempting to eradicate established Native American life.

Forty Years a Fur Trader on the Upper Missouri is the preeminent source for the history of the fur trade in the American West. Drawing upon daily journals recorded by Charles Larpenteur it provides fascinating insight into the history of the Midwest in the nineteenth century.

“Its true inwardness is turned inside out by a chronicler whose eyes never opened to see much difference between good and evil, and who so saw nothing to conceal.” — The American Historical Review

Charles Larpenteur was an American fur trader, whose memoir and diary frequently have been used as a source to fur trade history. He diligently kept a daily diary during his time in the trade and used it to write this book at the end of his life. He died in 1872.

A History of Northeast Missouri

By Walter Williams

Released: 2013-06-14
Kindle Edition

A History of Northeast Missouri
 
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A History of Northeast Missouri

Missouri State Parks and Historic Sites: Exploring Our Legacy, Second Edition

By Susan Flader

University of Missouri
Hardcover (400 pages)

Missouri State Parks and Historic Sites: Exploring Our Legacy, Second Edition
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THIS BOOK IS PUBLISHED BY MISSOURI LIFE MAGAZINE AND DISTIBUTED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI PRESS.

In this stunning book, four accomplished writers and lifelong conservationists team up with keen-eyed photographers to capture the compelling history, beauty, and recreational value of Missouri’s unique state park system, one that has been ranked among the top four in the nation. The book features hundreds of photographs and includes information on all 88 state parks and historic sites, including the longest developed rails-to-trail project in the nation, homes of famous Missourians, Civil War battlefields, and other reminders of the past such as mills and covered bridges. The authors tell the complete story of the park system, from its inception in 1917 to the newest state park created in 2015, encompassing much of Missouri’s history as well as its scenic and varied landscape.

A History of Missouri (V4): Volume IV, 1875 to 1919

By Lawrence O. Christensen

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (296 pages)

A History of Missouri (V4): Volume IV, 1875 to 1919
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Drawing on original research in primary sources, this comprehensive study covers such topics as the Constitution of 1875, the impact of railroad expansion, the 1904 World's Fair, the Populist and Progressive movements, and World War I. It also deals with less familiar topics, such as the state's use of convict labor to save taxpayers money, the emergence of women's clubs, the arrival of moving pictures, and the terrible conditions under which coal miners worked and lived.

Research on the weekly newspapers of such towns as Edina, Bethany, Boonville, Mount Vernon, and Kennett provides a comparative regional and rural perspective on events that took place around the turn of the century, giving the reader a unique glimpse of what small-town life was like. The rapid growth of Missouri's cities is also discussed in detail. St. Louis's development as one of the nation's leading cities is fully recorded, as is the rise of smaller towns such as St. Joseph, Joplin, Springfield, and Sedalia. Kansas City's City Beautiful Movement and the rise of the Pendergast Machine are also treated.

Significant attention is given to World War I. The authors document Missourians' reliance on voluntarism to support the war effort, and they also explain how government officials mobilized the citizens of the state to support the war, especially Missourians of German ancestry. The book fully details the experiences of African Americans and women who lived in Missouri during the period.

This extensive and balanced coverage of Missouri as it moved into the twentieth century will be the authoritative volume on the subject for decades to come. Anyone with an interest in Missouri history will treasure this informative new resource.

A History of Missouri (V5): Volume V, 1919 to 1953

By Richard S. Kirkendall

Brand: University of Missouri
Hardcover (448 pages)

A History of Missouri (V5): Volume V, 1919 to 1953
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This interpretation of Missouri's history from the end of World War I until the return of Harry Truman to the state after his presidency describes the turbulent political, economic, and social changes experienced by Missouri's people during those years.

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests

By Robert Syndey Douglas

Windham Press
Paperback (766 pages)

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests
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HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST MISSOURI, VOL. 1
By Robert Sidney Douglass


Excerpt from Preface

This territory of Southeast Missouri was first visited by De Soto about the year 1540. The next white men who saw it were the adventurous voyagers from Canada who reached the Mississippi from the north and passed down toward its mouth. Marquette and Joliet and La Salle all visited this section, or at least saw it as their canoes floated down the great stream. No attention however was paid to the district until Renault, the agent of the Company of the West came with his miners and four hundred slaves to Port Chartres with instructions to explore the country for the precious metals. This was about 1720. In his search for gold and silver he penetrated to what is now the county of Ste. Genevieve, finding no traces of gold or silver, but finding abundant deposits of lead ore. . .


Abridged Contents

SECTION I
Chapter I: Archaeology
Chapter II: Adventures of De Soto
Chapter III: French Explorers
Chapter IV: Indian History

SECTION II
Chapter V: Ste. Genevieve District
Chapter VI: Cape Girardeau District
Chapter VII: District of New Madrid
Chapter VIII: Government Under France and Spain
Chapter IX: Social Life
Chapter X: Transfer to the United States

SECTION III
Chapter XI: American Territorial Government
Chapter XII: Period from 1804 to 1821
Chapter XIII: Protestant Immigration
Chapter XIV: New Madrid Earthquake
Chapter XV: Statehood Attained

SECTION IV
Chapter XVI: General Development
Chapter XVII: Ste. Genevieve and St. Marys
Chapter XVIII: Cape Girardeau County Towns
Chapter XIX: New Madrid and Madison Counties
Chapter XX: Washington and Pebry Counties
Chapter XXI: Wayne and Jefferson Counties
Chapter XXII: St. Francois, Bollinger and Pemiscot Counties
Chapter XXIII: Dunklin and Mississippi
Chapter XXIV: Towns Of Six Counties
Chapter XXV: Political, Civil and Military
Chapter XXVI: Creation of New Counties

SECTION V
Chapter XXVII: General Movements
Chapter XXVIII: Regimental Histories

SECTION VI
Chapter XXIX: Movements Since the Civil War
Chapter XXX: Towns Founded Since Civil War

SECTION VII
Chapter XXXI: Early Schools
Chapter XXXII: Public Schools
Chapter XXXIII: Institutions of Higher Learning

SECTION VIII
Chapter XXXIV: Social Life and Industries
Chapter XXXV: Religious History — Continued
Chapter XXXVI: Railroads
Chapter XXXVII: General Status
Chapter XXXVIII: The Newspapers
Chapter XXXIX: Some Biographies

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Windham Press is committed to bringing the lost cultural heritage of ages past into the 21st century through high-quality reproductions of original, classic printed works at affordable prices.

This book has been carefully crafted to utilize the original images of antique books rather than error-prone OCR text. This also preserves the work of the original typesetters of these classics, unknown craftsmen who laid out the text, often by hand, of each and every page you will read. Their subtle art involving judgment and interaction with the text is in many ways superior and more human than the mechanical methods utilized today, and gave each book a unique, hand-crafted feel in its text that connected the reader organically to the art of bindery and book-making.

We think these benefits are worth the occasional imperfection resulting from the age of these books at the time of scanning, and their vintage feel provides a connection to the past that goes beyond the mere words of the text.

171 old books MISSOURI History & Genealogy Family Tree

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171 old books MISSOURI History & Genealogy Family Tree
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The Ultimate History and Genealogy Collection of Missouri. Make no mistake. This is the most complete collection of Missouri History and Genealogy on DVD found anywhere on the Planet at the lowest possible cost. 171 - Books on 2 DVD's. An essential resource for Genealogists. Scanned images of every page, in Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF format. It's like having the actual book in front of you. Works wit any computer, and is easy to use, read, resize or print from. These books on DVD are SEARCHABLE. What is "Searchable"? Simply type in a word, name, place or phrase and the "Find" function will locate the word wherever it exists within the text. The process only takes a few minutes per book. Saves you hours in searching these books for the information you want. Your Ancestors are waiting to be Discovered.


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