Missouri History - the history of Missouri
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Missouri   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Missouri History

   
 

Missouri History


The first Europeans to reach the area that is today Missouri, were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet who explored the Mississippi River in canoes in 1673. The area was claimed for France, as part of the Louisiana Territory in 1682 by Robert Cavalier.

In the early 18th century, European immigrants accompanied by black slaves began to arrive in the area. The French constructed a fort, Fort Orleans in 1724 on Missouri River. Spain gained control of the region in 1762 by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, but did not assume control until 1770. The territory was however returned to France in 1800, who then sold it the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out to map the region, and in 1805 the Louisiana Territory was organized. When Louisiana became a state in 1812, the remaing Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory. In 1818, Missouri requested admission to the Union as a slave state. This was a difficult political problem because of the delicate balance between free and slave states. However the 1820 Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri's admission along with Maine's (the latter as a free state), and Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821.

When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its western border was a straight line, however in 1836, additional land was acquired from Native American tribes (the Platte Purchase) which added additional land to the Northwest corner of the state.

Joseph Smith, Jr. leader of the LDS ("Mormons") claimed to have received a revelation that western Missouri would become Zion, a place of gathering. Many Mormons came to the area, but were resented by other state's existing inhabitants who, unlike the Mormons, were slaveholders. There was considerable friction during this time, including violence and Smith being jailed, and in 1839 Smith and the LDS moved to Illinois.

In 1848, when the California Gold Rush begun, Missouri became an important departure point to the West, gaining the nickname "Gateway to the West".

At the start of the American Civil War (1861), Missouri voted against seceding from the Union. However, there sympathies for both sides within the state, and secessionists did try to form their own state government. There were many battles in the state, and in 1865 Missouri abolished slavery, doing so before the US adopted the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery throughout the United States of America).


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A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri

By W.M.S. Bryan

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (278 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri
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A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri is a large history of many families of Missouri, and also includes an early history of the state and Daniel Boone.

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets

By James Strait

Brand: Sterling
Hardcover (256 pages)

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri s Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets
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GET WEIRD!"Best Travel Series of The Year 2006"--"Booklist""" What's weird around here? Mark Moran and Mark Sceurman asked themselves this question for years. And it's precisely this offbeat sense of curiosity that led the duo to create Weird N.J. and the successful series that followed. The NOT shockingly result? Every "Weird" book has become a best seller in its region! ((Series Sales Points)) This best-selling series has sold more than one million copies...and counting Thirty volumes of the Weird series have been published to great success since Weird New Jersey's 2003 debut

The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region

University of Missouri
Paperback (320 pages)

The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region
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Interest in scholarly study of the Ozarks has grown steadily in recent years, and The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region will be welcomed by historians and Ozark enthusiasts alike. This lively collection gathers fifteen essays, many of them pioneering efforts in the field, that originally appeared in the Missouri Historical Review, the journal of the State Historical Society.

In his introduction, editor Lynn Morrow gives the reader background on the interest in and the study of the Ozarks. The scope of the collection reflects the diversity of the region. Micro-studies by such well-known contributors as John Bradbury, Roger Grant, Gary Kremer, Stephen Limbaugh Sr., and Milton Rafferty explore the history, culture, and geography of this unique region. They trace the evolution of the Ozarks, examine the sometimes-conflicting influences exerted by St. Louis and Kansas City, and consider the sometimes highly charged struggle by federal, state, and local governments to define conservation and the future of Current River.

A history of Missouri from the earliest explorations and settlements until the admission of the state into the union (Volume 3)

By Louis Houck

University of Michigan Library
Paperback (404 pages)

A history of Missouri from the earliest explorations and settlements until the admission of the state into the union (Volume 3)
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Volume: 3 Publisher: Chicago : R. R. Donnelley

171 old books MISSOURI History & Genealogy Family Tree

DVD-ROM

171 old books MISSOURI History & Genealogy Family Tree
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The Ultimate History and Genealogy Collection of Missouri. Make no mistake. This is the most complete collection of Missouri History and Genealogy on DVD found anywhere on the Planet at the lowest possible cost. 171 - Books on 2 DVD's. An essential resource for Genealogists. Scanned images of every page, in Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF format. It's like having the actual book in front of you. Works wit any computer, and is easy to use, read, resize or print from. These books on DVD are SEARCHABLE. What is "Searchable"? Simply type in a word, name, place or phrase and the "Find" function will locate the word wherever it exists within the text. The process only takes a few minutes per book. Saves you hours in searching these books for the information you want. Your Ancestors are waiting to be Discovered.

American Civil War History: Battlefield Atlas of Price's Missouri Expedition of 1864 - Road to Saint Louis, Battle of Lexington, Mine Creek, Marmaduke's Raids, General Samuel Curtis, Sterling Price

By U.S. Government, Department of Defense (DoD) & Combined Arms Center

Independently published
Paperback (218 pages)

American Civil War History: Battlefield Atlas of Price s Missouri Expedition of 1864 - Road to Saint Louis, Battle of Lexington, Mine Creek, Marmaduke s Raids, General Samuel Curtis, Sterling Price
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This exceptionally detailed and authoritative atlas of a major Civil War campaign is a superb leader development tool and educational reference, providing a heavy dose of tactical detail and a significant focus on the operational level of war. The campaign provides a host of issues to be examined: campaign planning, deception, intelligence, leadership, logistics, reconnaissance (or lack thereof), soldier initiative, and many other areas relevant to the modern military professional. Additional issues, somewhat unique to Missouri in the American Civil War, are guerilla and counter-guerilla operations, operations in support of civil authorities, challenging local and state political considerations, and a resource constrained environment. Each of these issues is as relevant to us today as it was 150 years ago. In short, modern military professionals, for whom this atlas was written, will find a great deal to ponder and analyze when studying this campaign. Part I. Missouri's Divided Loyalties * Part II. Missouri's Five Seasons: Spring, Summer, Fall, Price's Raid, and Winter * 4. Confederate Recruiters and Partisan Rangers * 5. Marmaduke's Raids (1862-1863) * 6. Bushwhackers and General Order No. 11 * 7. Jo Shelby's Raid (1863) * Part III. The Road to Saint Louis * 8. The Difficulties of our Situation * 9. The Union Command in the West * 10. A Just and Holy Cause * 11. The Invasion of Missouri * 12. The Army of Missouri * 13. The Department of Missouri * 14. The Decision to Attack Pilot Knob * 15. The Battle of Pilot Knob * 16. The Gates of St. Louis * Part IV. Saint Louis to Lexington * 17. Toward Jefferson City * 18. The Gasconade and Osage Rivers * 19. Jefferson City * 20. Boonville * 21. Mobilizing the Kansas Militia * 22. Sedalia and Glasgow * 23. The Battle of Glasgow * 24. The Battle of Lexington * Part V. The Battle of Westport * 25. Decision at the Little Blue River * 26. The Little Blue River Bridge * 27. The Lower Ford * 28. Blunt's Attack * 29. Shelby's Attack * 30. Price's Plan * 31. The Big Blue River * 32. Confederates Cross the Big Blue * 33. Melvin Grant's Dilemma * 34. The Fight at Mockbee Farm * 35. The Battle of Independence * 36. The Night before Westport * 37. Daylight at Westport * 38. The Second Fight at Byram's Ford * 39. Philips' Charge * 40. Winslow's First Assault * 41. Bloody Hill Taken * 42. Curtis at Brush Creek * 43. George Thoman's Path * 44. McGhee's Charge * 45. Shelby's Stand at Wornall House * 46. The Escape of the Wagon Train * Part VI. The Battle of Mine Creek * 47. Decision at the Thomas House * 48. Retreat and Pursuit * 49. War Council at West Point * 50. First Skirmish at the Mounds * 51. Curtis' Decision and Price's Estimate of the Situation * 52. The Battle of the Mounds * 53. The Marais des Cygnes River * 54. McNeil's Hasty Attack * 55. Clark's Line Withdraws * 56. The Roads to Fort Scott * 57. Marmaduke's Dilemma * 58. Extending the Lines * 59. The Firelight * 60. The 4th Iowa * 61. The Confederate Line Breaks * 62. Chaos at the Ford * 63. The Final Shots at Mine Creek * 64. Fort Lincoln * 65. The Union Attack at the Little Osage River * 66. The Union Victory at the Little Osage River * 67. Across the Prairie to Douglas Ford * 68. The Battle of Charlot's Farm * Part VII. The Second Battle of Newtonia and the Retreat * 69. The Night of 25 October * 70. The Retreat * 71. Opening Shots at the Second Battle of Newtonia * 72. The Artillery Duel * 73. The Confederate Charge * 74. The Last Fight * 75. Command Crisis * 76. The Retreat to the Arkansas River * 77. The End of the Campaign

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests

By Robert Syndey Douglas

Windham Press
Paperback (766 pages)

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests
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HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST MISSOURI, VOL. 1
By Robert Sidney Douglass


Excerpt from Preface

This territory of Southeast Missouri was first visited by De Soto about the year 1540. The next white men who saw it were the adventurous voyagers from Canada who reached the Mississippi from the north and passed down toward its mouth. Marquette and Joliet and La Salle all visited this section, or at least saw it as their canoes floated down the great stream. No attention however was paid to the district until Renault, the agent of the Company of the West came with his miners and four hundred slaves to Port Chartres with instructions to explore the country for the precious metals. This was about 1720. In his search for gold and silver he penetrated to what is now the county of Ste. Genevieve, finding no traces of gold or silver, but finding abundant deposits of lead ore. . .


Abridged Contents

SECTION I
Chapter I: Archaeology
Chapter II: Adventures of De Soto
Chapter III: French Explorers
Chapter IV: Indian History

SECTION II
Chapter V: Ste. Genevieve District
Chapter VI: Cape Girardeau District
Chapter VII: District of New Madrid
Chapter VIII: Government Under France and Spain
Chapter IX: Social Life
Chapter X: Transfer to the United States

SECTION III
Chapter XI: American Territorial Government
Chapter XII: Period from 1804 to 1821
Chapter XIII: Protestant Immigration
Chapter XIV: New Madrid Earthquake
Chapter XV: Statehood Attained

SECTION IV
Chapter XVI: General Development
Chapter XVII: Ste. Genevieve and St. Marys
Chapter XVIII: Cape Girardeau County Towns
Chapter XIX: New Madrid and Madison Counties
Chapter XX: Washington and Pebry Counties
Chapter XXI: Wayne and Jefferson Counties
Chapter XXII: St. Francois, Bollinger and Pemiscot Counties
Chapter XXIII: Dunklin and Mississippi
Chapter XXIV: Towns Of Six Counties
Chapter XXV: Political, Civil and Military
Chapter XXVI: Creation of New Counties

SECTION V
Chapter XXVII: General Movements
Chapter XXVIII: Regimental Histories

SECTION VI
Chapter XXIX: Movements Since the Civil War
Chapter XXX: Towns Founded Since Civil War

SECTION VII
Chapter XXXI: Early Schools
Chapter XXXII: Public Schools
Chapter XXXIII: Institutions of Higher Learning

SECTION VIII
Chapter XXXIV: Social Life and Industries
Chapter XXXV: Religious History — Continued
Chapter XXXVI: Railroads
Chapter XXXVII: General Status
Chapter XXXVIII: The Newspapers
Chapter XXXIX: Some Biographies

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This book has been carefully crafted to utilize the original images of antique books rather than error-prone OCR text. This also preserves the work of the original typesetters of these classics, unknown craftsmen who laid out the text, often by hand, of each and every page you will read. Their subtle art involving judgment and interaction with the text is in many ways superior and more human than the mechanical methods utilized today, and gave each book a unique, hand-crafted feel in its text that connected the reader organically to the art of bindery and book-making.

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The Homefront in Civil War Missouri (Civil War Series)

By James Erwin

The History Press
Released: 2014-07-08
Paperback (128 pages)

The Homefront in Civil War Missouri (Civil War Series)
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Over one thousand Civil War engagements were fought in Missouri, and the conflict could not be quarantined from civilian life. In the countryside, the wives and mothers of absent soldiers had to cope with marauders from both sides. Children saw their fathers and brothers beaten, hanged or shot. In the cities, a cheer for Jeff Davis could land a young boy in jail, and a letter to a sweetheart in the Confederate army could get a girl banished from the state. Women volunteered to care for the flood of wounded and sick soldiers. Slavery crumbled and created new opportunities for black men to serve in the Union army but left their families vulnerable to retaliation at home. The turbulence and bitterness of guerrilla war was everywhere.

Missouri: An Illustrated History (Illustrated Histories (Hippocrene))

By Sean McLachlan

Brand: Hippocrene Books
Paperback (269 pages)

Missouri: An Illustrated History (Illustrated Histories (Hippocrene))
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This is an account of Missouri's exciting and pivotal role in history - from the first Native American inhabitants to the territorial period, from the agony of the Civil War to the freewheeling jazz and Prohibition eras, from labour and civil rights struggles to the triumph of the St. Louis Arch.

Three Years With Quantrell: A True Story

By O. S. Barton

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (184 pages)

Three Years With Quantrell: A True Story
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These are the recollections of John McCorkle, who was the scout for partisan Confederate ranger, Charles William Quantrell during the Civil War in Missouri.


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