Missouri History - the history of Missouri
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Missouri   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Missouri History

   
 

Missouri History


The first Europeans to reach the area that is today Missouri, were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet who explored the Mississippi River in canoes in 1673. The area was claimed for France, as part of the Louisiana Territory in 1682 by Robert Cavalier.

In the early 18th century, European immigrants accompanied by black slaves began to arrive in the area. The French constructed a fort, Fort Orleans in 1724 on Missouri River. Spain gained control of the region in 1762 by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, but did not assume control until 1770. The territory was however returned to France in 1800, who then sold it the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out to map the region, and in 1805 the Louisiana Territory was organized. When Louisiana became a state in 1812, the remaing Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory. In 1818, Missouri requested admission to the Union as a slave state. This was a difficult political problem because of the delicate balance between free and slave states. However the 1820 Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri's admission along with Maine's (the latter as a free state), and Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821.

When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its western border was a straight line, however in 1836, additional land was acquired from Native American tribes (the Platte Purchase) which added additional land to the Northwest corner of the state.

Joseph Smith, Jr. leader of the LDS ("Mormons") claimed to have received a revelation that western Missouri would become Zion, a place of gathering. Many Mormons came to the area, but were resented by other state's existing inhabitants who, unlike the Mormons, were slaveholders. There was considerable friction during this time, including violence and Smith being jailed, and in 1839 Smith and the LDS moved to Illinois.

In 1848, when the California Gold Rush begun, Missouri became an important departure point to the West, gaining the nickname "Gateway to the West".

At the start of the American Civil War (1861), Missouri voted against seceding from the Union. However, there sympathies for both sides within the state, and secessionists did try to form their own state government. There were many battles in the state, and in 1865 Missouri abolished slavery, doing so before the US adopted the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery throughout the United States of America).


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A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)

By Wm; S. Bryan

Bryan Wm S
Released: 2016-11-16
Paperback (596 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)
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  • A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri With Numerous Sketches Anecdotes Adventures Etc Relating to Early Days in Missouri Classic Reprint
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Excerpt from A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri

This book has been written in the midst of tribulation. When the authors began their work, two years ago, they had no adequate idea of the magnitude of the task which lay before them; but they know very well now. The histories of more than eight hundred pioneer families of the five counties embraced in this work are given, with the names of their children, and other matters of interest. We have endeavored to have every name and incident correct, but of course there are some errors. There are many obstacles in the way of obtaining information of this kind members of the same family frequently giving entirely different accounts of important events in their history. Mr. Rose has personally visited one or more members of each family whose history is given, and from his notes thus obtained the histories have been written. Where differences occurred in the statements of different members of the same family, we have carefully compared them and endeavored to sift the facts from each; and we feel confident that this book is as near correct as it is possible for any work of the kind to be.

The delay in issuing the book has been unavoidable; first owing to the time spent in gathering the materials, and then to numerous unavoidable delays in the printing office. But the matter is just as fresh and entertaining as though it had been issued a year ago.

We do not expect the reader to believe all the remarkable yams related under Anecdotes and Adventures. Some of them were given to us merely as caricatures of early times, and they can easily be distinguished from the real adventures.

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The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region

University of Missouri
Paperback (320 pages)

The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region
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Interest in scholarly study of the Ozarks has grown steadily in recent years, and The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region will be welcomed by historians and Ozark enthusiasts alike. This lively collection gathers fifteen essays, many of them pioneering efforts in the field, that originally appeared in the Missouri Historical Review, the journal of the State Historical Society.

In his introduction, editor Lynn Morrow gives the reader background on the interest in and the study of the Ozarks. The scope of the collection reflects the diversity of the region. Micro-studies by such well-known contributors as John Bradbury, Roger Grant, Gary Kremer, Stephen Limbaugh Sr., and Milton Rafferty explore the history, culture, and geography of this unique region. They trace the evolution of the Ozarks, examine the sometimes-conflicting influences exerted by St. Louis and Kansas City, and consider the sometimes highly charged struggle by federal, state, and local governments to define conservation and the future of Current River.

Missouri: A History

By Paul C. Nagel

Brand: University Press of Kansas
Paperback (224 pages)

Missouri: A History
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A reprint of the 1977 edition which is in BCL3. A work deserving better than this acidic paper. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Slaying in South St. Louis: Justice Denied for Nancy Zanone (True Crime)

By Vicki Berger Erwin

History Press
Released: 2018-03-05
Paperback (128 pages)

Slaying in South St. Louis: Justice Denied for Nancy Zanone (True Crime)
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On a crisp December day in 1963, Nancy Zanone left her young son and daughter playing in the backyard while she went inside to check the laundry. She never came back. A troubled teen prowling for unlocked doors along Chippewa in South St. Louis surprised her in the kitchen and stabbed her to death. Despite Joseph Arbeiter's confession and hard evidence, he was freed on a technicality. In response, Zanone's family fought to change how juvenile murderers are tried in the state of Missouri. Local authors Vicki Berger Erwin and Bryan Erwin investigate the senseless tragedy and the family's quest for justice.

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820

By William E. Foley

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (264 pages)

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820
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Including a completely revised and updated bibliography, A History of Missouri: Volume I, 1673 to 1820 covers the pre-statehood history of Missouri, beginning with the arrival in 1673 of the first Europeans in the area, Louis Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, and continuing through the development and growth of the region, to the final campaign for statehood in 1820. In tracing the broad outlines of Missouri's development through the formative years, the author examines the origins of Missouri's diverse heritage as the region passed under the control of French, Spanish, and American authorities.

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets

By James Strait

Brand: Sterling
Hardcover (256 pages)

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri s Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets
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What's WEIRD around here?

“Best Travel Series of The Year 2006”—Booklist

 

That’s a question Mark Moran and Mark Sceurman have enjoyed asking for years—and their offbeat sense of curiosity led them to create the bestselling phenomenon,Weird N.J. Now the weirdness has spread throughout the U.S.! Each fun and intriguing volume offers more than 250 illustrated pages of places where tourists usually don’t venture: it’s chock-full of oddball curiosities, ghostly places, local legends, crazy characters, cursed roads, and peculiar roadside attractions. What’s NOT shockingly odd here: that every previously publishedWeird book has become a bestseller in its region.

Missouri: A Bicentennial History (States and the Nation)

By Paul C. Nagel

W W Norton & Co Inc
Hardcover (205 pages)

Missouri: A Bicentennial History (States and the Nation)
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An interpretation and a review of the triumphs, disappointments, leadership, democratic ideals, and Jeffersonian outlook that have characterized Missouri's history, supplemented by a photographic essay

Missouri Caves in History and Legend (Missouri Heritage Readers)

By H. Dwight Weaver

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (176 pages)

Missouri Caves in History and Legend (Missouri Heritage Readers)
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Missouri has been likened to a “cave factory” because its limestone bedrock can be slowly dissolved by groundwater to form caverns, and the state boasts more than six thousand caves in an unbelievable variety of sizes, lengths, and shapes. Dwight Weaver has been fascinated by Missouri’s caves since boyhood and now distills a lifetime of exploration and research in a book that will equally fascinate readers of all ages.

Missouri Caves in History and Legend records a cultural heritage stretching from the end of the ice age to the twenty-first century.  In a grand tour of the state’s darkest places, Weaver takes readers deep underground to shed light on the historical significance of caves, correct misinformation about them, and describe the ways in which people have used and abused these resources.

Weaver tells how these underground places have enriched our knowledge of extinct animals and early Native Americans. He explores the early uses of caves: for the mining of saltpeter, onyx, and guano; as sources of water; for cold storage; and as livestock shelters. And he tells how caves were used for burial sites and moonshine stills, as hideouts for Civil War soldiers and outlaws—revealing how Jesse James became associated with Missouri caves—and even as venues for underground dance parties in the late nineteenth century.

Bringing caves into the modern era, Weaver relates the history of Missouri’s “show caves” over a hundred years—from the opening of Mark Twain Cave in 1886 to that of Onyx Mountain Caverns in 1990—and tells of the men and women who played a major role in expanding the state’s tourism industry. He also tracks the hunt for the buried treasure and uranium ore that have captivated cave explorers, documents the emergence of organized caving, and explains how caves now play a role in wildlife management by providing a sanctuary for endangered bats and other creatures.

Included in the book is an overview of cave resources in twelve regions, covering all the counties that currently have recorded caves, as well as a superb selection of photos from the author’s extensive collection, depicting the history and natural features of these underground wonders. Missouri Caves in History and Legend is a riveting account that marks an important contribution to the state’s heritage and brings this world of darkness into the light of day.

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests

By Robert Syndey Douglas

Douglas Robert Syndey
Paperback (766 pages)

History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its People and its Principal Interests
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  • History of Southeast Missouri A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress Its People and Its Principal Interests
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HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST MISSOURI, VOL. 1
By Robert Sidney Douglass


Excerpt from Preface

This territory of Southeast Missouri was first visited by De Soto about the year 1540. The next white men who saw it were the adventurous voyagers from Canada who reached the Mississippi from the north and passed down toward its mouth. Marquette and Joliet and La Salle all visited this section, or at least saw it as their canoes floated down the great stream. No attention however was paid to the district until Renault, the agent of the Company of the West came with his miners and four hundred slaves to Port Chartres with instructions to explore the country for the precious metals. This was about 1720. In his search for gold and silver he penetrated to what is now the county of Ste. Genevieve, finding no traces of gold or silver, but finding abundant deposits of lead ore. . .


Abridged Contents

SECTION I
Chapter I: Archaeology
Chapter II: Adventures of De Soto
Chapter III: French Explorers
Chapter IV: Indian History

SECTION II
Chapter V: Ste. Genevieve District
Chapter VI: Cape Girardeau District
Chapter VII: District of New Madrid
Chapter VIII: Government Under France and Spain
Chapter IX: Social Life
Chapter X: Transfer to the United States

SECTION III
Chapter XI: American Territorial Government
Chapter XII: Period from 1804 to 1821
Chapter XIII: Protestant Immigration
Chapter XIV: New Madrid Earthquake
Chapter XV: Statehood Attained

SECTION IV
Chapter XVI: General Development
Chapter XVII: Ste. Genevieve and St. Marys
Chapter XVIII: Cape Girardeau County Towns
Chapter XIX: New Madrid and Madison Counties
Chapter XX: Washington and Pebry Counties
Chapter XXI: Wayne and Jefferson Counties
Chapter XXII: St. Francois, Bollinger and Pemiscot Counties
Chapter XXIII: Dunklin and Mississippi
Chapter XXIV: Towns Of Six Counties
Chapter XXV: Political, Civil and Military
Chapter XXVI: Creation of New Counties

SECTION V
Chapter XXVII: General Movements
Chapter XXVIII: Regimental Histories

SECTION VI
Chapter XXIX: Movements Since the Civil War
Chapter XXX: Towns Founded Since Civil War

SECTION VII
Chapter XXXI: Early Schools
Chapter XXXII: Public Schools
Chapter XXXIII: Institutions of Higher Learning

SECTION VIII
Chapter XXXIV: Social Life and Industries
Chapter XXXV: Religious History — Continued
Chapter XXXVI: Railroads
Chapter XXXVII: General Status
Chapter XXXVIII: The Newspapers
Chapter XXXIX: Some Biographies

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Windham Press is committed to bringing the lost cultural heritage of ages past into the 21st century through high-quality reproductions of original, classic printed works at affordable prices.

This book has been carefully crafted to utilize the original images of antique books rather than error-prone OCR text. This also preserves the work of the original typesetters of these classics, unknown craftsmen who laid out the text, often by hand, of each and every page you will read. Their subtle art involving judgment and interaction with the text is in many ways superior and more human than the mechanical methods utilized today, and gave each book a unique, hand-crafted feel in its text that connected the reader organically to the art of bindery and book-making.

We think these benefits are worth the occasional imperfection resulting from the age of these books at the time of scanning, and their vintage feel provides a connection to the past that goes beyond the mere words of the text.

Calamity Jane: The Life and Legend of Martha Jane Cannary

By D. J. Herda

TwoDot
Paperback (224 pages)

Calamity Jane: The Life and Legend of Martha Jane Cannary
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Young Martha Jane Cannary began life as a camp follower and street urchin. Parentless by the age of twelve, she morphed into the mother of two who just as often took employment as a waitress, laundress, or dance hall girl as she did an Indian scout or bullwhacker. Just as likely to wear a dress as she was buckskins, she was impossible to ignore no matter what she wore, particularly after she’d had a few drinks! And she shamelessly parlayed into a legend the aura of fame that Edward L. Wheeler’s dime novels crafted around her.
Perhaps most amazing of all, in an era where women had few options in life, Calamity Jane had the audacity to carve them out for herself. The gun-toting, tough-talking, hard-drinking woman was all Western America come to life. Flowing across the untamed small towns and empty spaces of South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana like the wild running rivers of the American West, she helped create the legend of Calamity Jane from scratch. Part carnie barker, part actor, part sexually alluring siren, part drunken lout--she was all of these and much more.


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