Michigan History - the history of Michigan
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Michigan   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Michigan History


Michigan History

Before the arrival of Europeans, the area that is today the state of Michigan was inhabited by various Native American peoples including the Ottawa, the Anishnabe (also known as the "Chippewa"), the Potawatomi, the Mascouten, the Miami and the Wyandot (also known "Huron").

The first Europeans to arrive in the area where French explorers in the 17th century. A number of French settlers were established during this period including Sault Sainte-Marie (1668), Saint-Ignace (1671) and Marquette (1675). In 1701, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Le Fort Ponchartrain du Detroit (now simply called Detroit, which quickly became an important fur-trading and shipping post.

The area remained under French control (as part of Royal Province of New France) until 1763. The Treaty of Paris concluding the Seven Years' War (generally known in the US as the "French and Indian War"), resulted in control of the area passing to Britain.

During the American Revolution (1775 to 1783),was an important British supply center. At the conclusion of the war, the boundaries were not clearly defined, and the British remained in control of Detroit and Michigan until 1796 (following the Jay Treaty of 1794). Even, then, the boundaries were not finally settled until 1847.

The population of the area continued to grow, and by the 1830s, Michigan had a large enough population to apply for statehood. Admission to the Union was delayed because of a boundary dispute with Ohio which came to be known as the "Toledo War" (both sides deployed their militia, but there was no actual fighting). Michigan was eventually admitted to the Union as the 26th state on January 26th 1837.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the state became a leading center of automobile manufacturing with the establishments of plants in Detroit and Grand Rapids. Since the 1970s, many automobile manufacturers have left the state, but new jobs have been created other newer industries such as biotechnology.

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