Maine History - the history of Maine
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Maine   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Maine History

   
 

Maine History


Before the arrival of Europeans, Maine was inhabited by Algonquian-speaking Native American peoples including the Wabanaki, Passamaquoddy and Penobscots.

The area was settled by both French and English settlers in the early 17th century, the French arriving in 1604, and the English in 1607. The province became part of the English Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652, but nevertheless was the scene of several battles between the English and French over control the territory.

The territory was also fought over by the American and British forces during both the American Revolution (1775 to 1783) and the War of 1812. In fact, the border between Maine and British North America (which later to become Canada) was not finalized until the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842.

Although politically part of Massachusetts, Maine was physically separated from the rest of the state. As a result, the idea arose that Maine ought to be admitted to the Union as a separate state. This idea was politically convienent, as the Missouri Compromise required that slave and free states be admitted to the Union in equal numbers - and thus Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15th 1820.

In the late 19th century, Maine began to industrialize with the establishment of many textile mills. This was supplemented by the growth of a ship building industry (which was to contribute significantly to the US war effort in World War II).

Post war, some of Maine's traditional industries have gone into decline. The state's economy has however diversified into new fields, including telemarketing and tourism. Today Maine has an economy based on a mix of seafood (particularly lobsters), agricultural produce and industrial products. Maine is also an important transportation hub, with Portland being New England's busiest port.


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The Lobster Coast: Rebels, Rusticators, and the Struggle for a Forgotten Frontier

By Colin Woodard

Woodward, Colin
Released: 2005-04-26
Paperback (384 pages)

The Lobster Coast: Rebels, Rusticators, and the Struggle for a Forgotten Frontier
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“A thorough and engaging history of Maine’s rocky coast and its tough-minded people.”—Boston Herald

“[A] well-researched and well-written cultural and ecological history of stubborn perseverance.”—USA Today

For more than four hundred years the people of coastal Maine have clung to their rocky, wind-swept lands, resisting outsiders’ attempts to control them while harvesting the astonishing bounty of the Gulf of Maine. Today’s independent, self-sufficient lobstermen belong to the communities imbued with a European sense of ties between land and people, but threatened by the forces of homogenization spreading up the eastern seaboard.

In the tradition of William Warner’s Beautiful Swimmers, veteran journalist Colin Woodard (author of American Character: A History of the Epic Struggle Between Individual Liberty and the Common Good) traces the history of the rugged fishing communities that dot the coast of Maine and the prized crustacean that has long provided their livelihood. Through forgotten wars and rebellions, and with a deep tradition of resistance to interference by people “from away,” Maine’s lobstermen have defended an earlier vision of America while defying the “tragedy of the commons”—the notion that people always overexploit their shared property. Instead, these icons of American individualism represent a rare example of true communal values and collaboration through grit, courage, and hard-won wisdom.

Hidden History of Maine

By Harry Gratwick

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2010-04-10
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Maine
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The history of the Pine Tree State would be bare but for the contributions of hardy and impassioned individuals--generals, governors, settlers and activists whose lives of leadership make up the story of Maine's "hidden history." Author Harry Gratwick creates intimate and detailed portraits of these Mainers, from the controversial missionary Sebastien Rale to Woolwich native William Phips, whose seafaring attacks against French Canada earned him the first governorship of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Gratwick also profiles inventors who "challenged the assumptions of their] time and place," such as Robert Benjamin Lewis, an African American from Gardiner who patented a hair growth product in the 1830s, and Margaret Knight, a York native who defied nineteenth-century sexism to earn the nickname "the female Edison." Discover four hundred years of Maine's history through the tales of its unique residents, from soprano Lillian Nordica, who left Farmington to become the most glamorous American opera singer of her day, to slugger George "Piano Legs" Gore, the only Mainer to have ever won a Major League batting championship.

Maine: The Wilder Half of New England

By William David Barry

Tilbury House Publishers
Paperback (288 pages)

Maine: The Wilder Half of New England
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This concise, solid, and surprising overview traces 500 years of Maine history, from first contact between Native Americans and European explorers to the achievement of a Down East identity, national political power, and worldwide cultural identification. Changes in the economy, religion, ethnicity, arts, leisure, and education have all shaped Maine and Mainers, with some intriguing results.

Illustrated with well over 200 images drawn from the collections of the Maine Historical Society, the Maine Historic Preservation Commission, Special Collections at the Portland Public Library, the Maine State Museum, local historical societies, private collections, and even the Vatican, these pages contain many rare and fascinating drawings, paintings, and photographs. The bibliography is a rich resource for exploring Maine history further.

200+ B&W drawings and photographs

How Maine Changed the World

By Nancy Griffin

Down East Books
Hardcover (136 pages)

How Maine Changed the World
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As Down East Books celebrates 50 years of great book publishing, it seems appropriate to reflect upon
the contributions Maine has made that have had significant cultural and historical impacts on both the
United States and the World. Did you know that the caterpillar tread, common on bulldozers and tanks,
originated from the design of Lombard’s steam log hauler; or that the dry plate photographic process was
created by the Stanley brothers, who also invented a speed-record setting steam powered car and whose
sister, Chansonetta, was a well-known photographer in her own right? Maxim’s machine gun forever
changed the practice of warfare. The humble peavey is a simple tool well-known to any forester or
lumberjack. The ubiquitous lobster boat, the microwave oven, earmuffs, and Monopoly—all came from
the minds of Mainers. This book is a celebration of Maine’s creative ingenuity—from the very large, such
as Portland Head Light and the Penobscot Narrows Bridge to the very small, such as the toothpick and the
Bean boot.

Coastal Maine: A Maritime History

By Roger F. Duncan

Brand: Countryman Press
Released: 2002-06-17
Paperback (572 pages)

Coastal Maine: A Maritime History
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A fascinating and comprehensive chronicle of four hundred years of maritime history along the Maine coast.

Roger Duncan recounts four hundred years of Maine's rich maritime history, from the early seafarers' discovery of its valuable resources and the families that settled the land, to Maine's role in the history of the US in peacetime and in war. He traces the changes in Maine's economy over the past century: the demise of the coastal trade; the burgeoning popularity of pleasure boating after World War II; the hardships that beset the fishing and lumber industries; and the rise of tourism. This anecdotal panorama of people, land, boats, and water will absorb historians, nautical enthusiasts, and New Englanders alike. 105 black-and-white photographs and illustrations, 18 maps

Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present

By Richard W. Judd

Brand: Univ of Maine Pr
Paperback (616 pages)

Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present
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The first comprehensive history of Maine to be published in decades, Maine: The Pine Tree State surveys the region’s rich history from prehistoric times to the early 1990s. Chapter authors are respected scholars in Maine history from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, ethnic studies, and the various subdisciplines of history:?political, cultural, economic, labor, military, maritime. Caught up at times in national events, Maine has also led the nation in important ways. Its fishing industry fed and its textile industry clothed the nation’s people. Maine loggers contributed heavily to the technologies used in cutting, hauling, and driving timber. Maine excelled in the production of wooden ships and supplied the expertise to sail them. In the nineteenth century Maine’s political leaders were among the most powerful in the nation, and Maine’s contribution to social reform attracted national recognition. All these subjects and others are explored in a narrative that encompasses Maine’s prehistory and its native people; the era of European exploration and settlement; Indian wars, revolution, and statehood; the logging, fishing, and maritime industries; family and community life; economics and politics; the arts and culture; and much more. Maine: The Pine Tree State will be an authoritative resource about Maine history for years to come.

Hidden History of Midcoast Maine

By Patricia M. Higgins

The History Press
Released: 2014-02-18
Paperback (160 pages)

Hidden History of Midcoast Maine
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From the Age of Discovery and the earliest settlement of America, Midcoast Maine has played surprising roles in America's history. Europeans might not have survived in the New World without the Kennebec beaver trade, the lessons of the Popham Colony and the friendships Maine's first settlers built. Experience the storied survival of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's military grandfather in precarious Revolutionary Maine and meet resilient, creative, noteworthy and notorious Midcoasters. Pat Higgins recounts Puritan power plays, the sea fight between the Boxer" and the "Enterprise," duels, U-boats and much more. Discover the fascinating and quirky bits of history that have remained hidden along the rocky coast from Portland to Acadia--until now.."

History of Castine, Penobscot, and Brooksville, Maine: Including the Ancient Settlement of Pentagöet (Classic Reprint)

By George Augustus Wheeler

Forgotten Books
Paperback (418 pages)

History of Castine, Penobscot, and Brooksville, Maine: Including the Ancient Settlement of Pentagöet (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from History of Castine, Penobscot, and Brooksville, Maine: Including the Ancient Settlement of Pentagöet

George. [miscellaneous] Church Records of First Parish. History of Methodism in Castine. Church Records of First Trinitarian Peters' Field Notes of Survey of Church. Penobscot. Custom House Records. Records of Castine Light Infantry. District School Records. Reports of School Committees.

Redhead's Journal of the Siege of Town Records. Penobscot. Sundry Letters and Memoranda.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Interrupted Forest, The: A History of Maine's Wildlands

By Neil Rolde

Brand: Tilbury House Pub
Blue Paperback (320 pages)

Interrupted Forest, The: A History of Maine s Wildlands
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More than half of Maine has never been settled―millions of acres of quasi-wilderness.

Add to this the thousands of farms that have grown back to woods since the Civil War, and you have the most forested state, by percentage, in the United States. But the “uninterrupted forest” that Henry David Thoreau first saw in the 1840s was never exactly that. Loggers had cut it severely, European settlers had gnawed into it, and, much earlier, native people had left their mark. This book takes you deep into the past to understand the present, allowing you to hear the stories of the people and events that have shaped the woods and made them what they are today. B&W Maps

Kayaking Through History: Volume I - Maine Paddles: Deer Isle/Stonington (Volume 1)

By Richard Herbert Fleming

Seaworthy Publications, Incorporated
Paperback (186 pages)

Kayaking Through History: Volume I - Maine Paddles: Deer Isle/Stonington (Volume 1)
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For more than 40 years, author Richard Fleming has sailed, rowed and kayaked along the Maine Coast. As a professional sea kayaking guide, he has shared his vast knowledge of some of the most beautiful parts of the Maine coastline. Frequently, during his work as a guide, clients wanted to know more about the history of the places visited and attempting to answer these queries, Richard developed a deep appreciation of Maine's rich maritime heritage. In the series Kayaking Through History, the author uses kayaking trips to explore the history of the islands and coastline. Each book in the series covers a different part of the historic Maine Coast, along with detailed trip recommendations, paddling instructions and historical information. In addition, each book contains maps and local knowledge relevant to paddlers such as camping and landing information, rules and regulations, tables, GPS coordinates, distances and photos. Let Kayaking Through History be your paddling guide to the beautiful coast of Maine.


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