Georgia History - the history of Georgia
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Georgia   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Georgia History

   
 

Georgia History


When Europeans first arrived in what is now Georgia, the area was inhabited by Cherokee and Creek Indians. It is not certain who was the first European to visit Georgia, but it is possible that Juan Ponce de Leon (who named Florida) sailed along the coast. In any case, in the 16th century, both French and Spanish explorers visited the area and attempted to establish colonies.

Britain and Spain came into conflict over the area in the 1670s, when the new British colony of South Carolina began to clash with the Northern missionary provinces of Spanish Florida. The Spanish missionary provinces were destroyed in 1704 by Yamasee Indians who were allied with the British, but the Yamasee were in turn decimated in the Yamasee War of 1715 to 1716 and then fled to Florida. This left the coast of Georgia depopulated, and the British were quick to exploit this with the establishment of a new colony and massive immigration beginning in the early 1730s.

During the American Revolution, Savannah was captured by British and Loyalist forces. Georgia had a functioning Loyalist government of the coastal regions, and remained, with New York City, a Loyalist bastion until the end of the war.

Gold was discovered in the North of the state 1829, and this prompted a brief gold rush and the establishment of a Federal Mint which continued to operate until 1861. As a result of the arrival of white settlers, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was passed, and all the Eastern Indian tribes, including Georgia's Cherokee population, was sent West to Indian reservations in Oklahoma.

Georgia was a slave state, and seceded to join the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). During the Civil War, Georgia was the scene of many battles, Atlanta was burned to the ground, and the state was also the scene of General Sherman's March to the Sea (which of course forms the background setting to Gone with the Wind).

During the civil rights period, Georgia was an important battleground. The state governor Marvin Griffin pleding to defend racial segregation "come hell or high water", but other Georgians worked for civil rights, the latter group including Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the campaigning editor of the Atlanta Constitution, Ralph Emerson McGill.


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Georgia: A Brief History

By Christopher C. Meyers

Mercer University Press
Paperback (286 pages)

Georgia: A Brief History
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Here, for the first time is a brief, balanced, and up-to-date history of Georgia from the early Native Americans to the twenty-first century. Based on the most recent research, Georgia: A Brief History surveys the people and events that shaped our state's history in a style that reads easily and flows effortlessly.

Beginning with the earliest Native American settlements, the story tells of first contacts between area natives and Spanish from Florida, British from Carolina, and James Oglethorpe leading the effort to found a colony called Georgia. That colony passed out of the British Empire during the American Revolution, a conflict that was as much a civil war as a war for independence. In the following decades, the Creek and Cherokee were driven out as Georgia was transformed into a cotton kingdom dominated by a minority of slaveholders, who finally sought to make slavery perpetual in a war that often pitted Georgians against each other.

In the aftermath of the Civil War, the state struggled with the consequences of the conflict, political, social, and economic. The postwar years were highlighted by economic stagnation, questions over the meaning of freedom, and one-party politics. Race relations pervaded the state's history after the Civil War until well into the twentieth century and those struggles are traced from Reconstruction to Jim Crow to the Civil Rights Era.

In the latter half of the twentieth century, and carrying into the twenty-first, Georgia drifted away from the provincialism that characterized its history and moved toward modernity.

Lost Towns of North Georgia (Hidden History)

By Lisa M. Russell

The History Press
Released: 2016-10-17
Paperback (176 pages)

Lost Towns of North Georgia (Hidden History)
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When the bustle of a city slows, towns dissolve into abandoned buildings or return to woods and crumble into the North Georgia clay. The remains of numerous towns dot the landscape--pockets of life that were lost to fire or drowned by the water of civic works projects. In 1832, Auraria was one of the sites of the original American gold rush. Cassville was a booming educational and cultural epicenter until 1864. Allatoona found its identity as a railroad town. Author and professor Lisa M. Russell unearths the forgotten towns of North Georgia.

Georgia Odyssey

By James Cobb

Brand: University of Georgia Press
Released: 2008-05-25
Paperback (200 pages)

Georgia Odyssey
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Georgia Odyssey is a lively survey of the state’s history, from its beginnings as a European colony to its current standing as an international business mecca, from the self-imposed isolation of its Jim Crow era to its role as host of the centennial Olympic Games and beyond, from its long reign as the linchpin state of the Democratic Solid South to its current dominance by the Republican Party. This new edition incorporates current trends that have placed Georgia among the country’s most dynamic and attractive states, fueled the growth of its Hispanic and Asian American populations, and otherwise dramatically altered its demographic, economic, social, and cultural appearance and persona.

“The constantly shifting cultural landscape of contemporary Georgia,” writes James C. Cobb, “presents a jumbled panorama of anachronism, contradiction, contrast, and peculiarity.” A Georgia native, Cobb delights in debunking familiar myths about his state as he brings its past to life and makes it relevant to today. Not all of that past is pleasant to recall, Cobb notes. Moreover, not all of today’s Georgians are as unequivocal as the tobacco farmer who informed a visiting journalist in 1938 that “we Georgians are Georgian as hell.” That said, a great many Georgians, both natives and new arrivals, care deeply about the state’s identity and consider it integral to their own. Georgia Odyssey is the ideal introduction to our past and a unique and often provocative look at the interaction of that past with our present and future.

A History of Georgia

Brand: University of Georgia Press
Released: 1991-03-01
Paperback (480 pages)

A History of Georgia
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First published in 1977, A History of Georgia has become the standard history of the state. Documenting events from the earliest discoveries by the Spanish to the rapid changes the state has undergone with the civil rights era, the book gives broad coverage to the state's social, political, economic, and cultural history.

This work details Georgia's development from past to present, including the early Cherokee land disputes, the state's secession from the Union, cotton's reign, Reconstruction, the Bourbon era, the effects of the New Deal, Martin Luther King, Jr., the fall of the county-unit system, and Jimmy Carter's election to the presidency. Also noted are the often-overlooked contributions of Indians, blacks, and women. Each imparting his own special knowledge and understanding of a particular period in the state's history, the authors bring into focus the personalities and events that made Georgia what it is today.

For this new edition, available in paperback for the first time, A History of Georgia has been revised to bring the work up through the events of the 1980s. The bibliographies for each section and the appendixes have also been updated to include relevant scholarship from the last decade.

Georgia:: A State History (The Making of America)

By Buddy Sullivan

Brand: Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2010-05-10
Paperback (208 pages)

Georgia:: A State History (The Making of America)
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Georgia's past has diverged from the nation's and given the state and its people a distinctive culture and character. Some of the best, and the worst, aspects of American and Southern history can be found in the story of what is arguably the most important state in the South. Yet just as clearly Georgia has not always followed the road traveled by the rest of the nation and the region. Explaining the common and divergent paths that make us who we are is one reason the Georgia Historical Society has collaborated with Buddy Sullivan and Arcadia Publishing to produce Georgia: A State History, the first full-length history of the state produced in nearly a generation. Sullivan's lively account draws upon the vast archival and photographic collections of the Georgia Historical Society to trace the development of Georgia's politics, economy, and society and relates the stories of the people, both great and small, who shaped our destiny. This book opens a window on our rich and sometimes tragic past and reveals to all of us the fascinating complexity of what it means to be a Georgian.

A historical crash course on Coastal Georgia and the Golden Isles: As told by Buddy Sullivan

By Larry Hobbs

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (68 pages)

A historical crash course on Coastal Georgia and the Golden Isles: As told by Buddy Sullivan
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Coastal Georgia History, 1500s to 20th Century.

A History of Georgia Railroads (Transportation)

By Robert C. Jones

The History Press
Released: 2017-03-20
Paperback (160 pages)

A History of Georgia Railroads (Transportation)
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Before the start of the Civil War, Georgia had ten railroads, five of which figured significantly in General William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and March to the Sea. The number of rail lines in the state ballooned after the war. Many were founded by individual entrepreneurs like Henry Plant and Thomas Clyde, while the biggest railroad of them all (Southern Railway) was created out of whole cloth by New York financier J.P. Morgan. At the close of the nineteenth century, consolidation was already in process, and by the end of the next century, only three significant railroads remained in Georgia. Author and historian Robert C. Jones examines Georgia's rail history over the past two centuries and today.

A History of Georgia Forts: Georgia's Lonely Outposts (Landmarks)

By Alejandro M. de Quesada

The History Press
Released: 2011-05-31
Paperback (160 pages)

A History of Georgia Forts: Georgia s Lonely Outposts (Landmarks)
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Georgia was once part of a much larger region of the Southeast claimed by Spain and known as La Florida. After the failure of Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon’s settlement in 1526 on the coast of Georgia, French Huguenots established a small fort at Port Royal Sound and another along the St. Johns River. Thus began Georgia’s tradition of building stalwart military fortifications―a practice that has spanned centuries. Discover who emerged victorious after Savannah’s Fort Pulaski was bombarded for over thirty hours by Federal troops during the Civil War and why Fort Oglethorpe was constructed in 1902 within the confines of Chickamuaga Park. Military historian, archivist and seasoned author Alejandro de Quesada explores the breadth of Georgia’s forts from the colonial and antebellum eras to the Civil War and modern era.

Georgia: A Political History Since Independence

By Stephen Jones

I.B.Tauris
Paperback (400 pages)

Georgia: A Political History Since Independence
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Georgia emerged from the fall of the Soviet empire in 1991 with the promise of swift economic and democratic reform. But that promise remains unfulfilled. Economic collapse, secessionist challenges, civil war and the failure to escape the legacy of Soviet rule―culminating in the 2008 war with Russia―characterise a two-decade struggle to establish democratic institutions and consolidate statehood. Here, Stephen Jones critically analyses Georgia’s recent political and economic development, illustrating what its ‘transition’ has meant, not just for the state, but for its citizens as well. An authoritative and commanding exploration of Georgia since independence, this is essential for those interested in the post-Soviet world.

North Georgia Moonshine:: A History of the Lovells & Other Liquor Makers (American Palate)

By Judith Garrison

The History Press
Released: 2015-07-06
Paperback (144 pages)

North Georgia Moonshine:: A History of the Lovells & Other Liquor Makers (American Palate)
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