Connecticut History - the history of Connecticut
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Connecticut   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Connecticut History

   
 

Connecticut History


Prior to European settlement, the area that is today known as Connecticut, was inhabited by various Algoquian tribes. The Dutch were the first Europeans to arrive in the area: Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block, is known to have sailed up the Connecticut River, at least as far as Hartford in 1614. The Dutch West India Company is also known to have been trading furs in the area in 1623, and to have later set up fortifications in the area.

English colonists from Massachusetts began to arrive in the 1630s, and created settlements at Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Hartford (1636), Saybrook (1636) and New Haven (1637). As might be expected, there was indeed considerable competition between the English and Dutch. This led the Dutch to send a party up river with the intention of taking gifts to the Indians and encouraging them to trade - however, the Dutch inadvertently transmitted smallpox into the Indian population, which wiped out 75% of the Indians within a year. Eventually the English gained the upper hand, and following the 1654 Treaty of Hartford, the Dutch withdrew completely from the area.

In 1662, the Connecticut Colony gained a Royal Charter that confirmed self-government, and granted a western limit to the colony of the Pacific Ocean. This claim, stretching across the entire North American continent, led to clashes with other colonies, that continued well into the late 18th century.

Connecticut was one of the 13 colonies involved in the American Revolution (1775 to 1783), but its internal self-government continued unchanged after it adopted the US Constitution on January 9th, 1788. The state in fact continued to operate under its 1662 Charter until 1818, when a new state constitution was finally adopted.

In the 20th century, large numbers of European immigrants arrived in Connecticut, including many immigrants from Italy and Poland, gradually transforming the ethnic mix in the state. Connecticut was an important supplier of military equipment in both World Wars, during the Cold War. Today the state is primarily suburban and middle-class, although there are still some rural areas. In recent years, the Pequot Native Americans (indigenous to the area) have gained official recognition, and the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation is now one of the richest in the country.


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Connecticut: A History

By David Morris Roth

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (264 pages)

Connecticut: A History
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  • ISBN13: 9780393331745
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Product Description:

Connecticut today continues to combine conservatism and inventiveness in a way that makes it different from other places. The people of Connecticut take pride in that, even as they struggle to balance the demands of change with old traditions and steady habits.

By American standards, Connecticut is a very old place. The descendants of many of its original Puritan settlers still live here, and in their names--Hale, Baldwin, Trumbull, Bulkeley--the spirit of Thomas Hooker still seems to cast a shadow. From its beginnings, caution and conservatism have shaped the Connecticut character and have made its nickname, "The Land of Steady Habits," truly descriptive of life here.

Yet not everyone in Connecticut shares either that ancestry or that disposition. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, people of decidedly different backgrounds and outlooks joined the scions of old Puritans and Yankees to enrich--and to complicate--the state's history. Though endowed by nature and the shapers of boundaries with few resources and little space, the people of Connecticut from colonial times to the present have distinguished themselves as enthusiastic and talented purveyors to the rest of the nation of a vast array of goods and services. In the process, they have secured for themselves a degree of economic eminence shared by few other places, and they have proven that there is substance in the old idea of "Yankee inventiveness."

Hidden History of Connecticut

By Wilson Faude

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2010-11-26
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Connecticut
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Connecticut's history is full of engaging and fascinating stories, rocks that are national monuments, the "people's sculptor," football players on chapel finials, moons on the Travelers calendars, artists Frederic Church and Eric Sloane and even a Thanksgiving Day touch football game with a future president. These are tales from Greenwich to Enfield, from Sharon to Old Lyme and so much in between. Follow along with historian Wilson Faude in this "must-have" Connecticut book as he traverses the state in search of hidden history.

Connecticut Rock 'n' Roll: A History

By Tony Renzoni

The History Press
Released: 2017-08-07
Paperback (192 pages)

Connecticut Rock  n  Roll: A History
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Long neglected in the annals of American music, the Nutmeg State's influence on the history of rock'n'roll deserves recognition. Connecticut's musical highlights include the beautiful harmonies of New Haven's Five Satins, Gene Pitney's rise to fame, Stamford's the Fifth Estate and notable rockers such as Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth, Rivers Cuomo of Weezer and Saturday Night Live Band's Christine Ohlman. Rock Hall of Famers include Tina Weymouth and Chris Frantz of the Talking Heads and Dennis Dunaway of the Alice Cooper Band. Some events became legend, like Jimi Hendrix's spellbinding performance at Yale's Woolsey Hall, Jim Morrison's onstage arrest at the New Haven Arena and teenage Bob Dylan's appearance at Branford's Indian Neck Folk Festival. With in-depth interviews as well as rare, never-before-seen photos, author Tony Renzoni leads a sonic trip that captures the spirit and zenith of the local scene.

Along the Valley Line: The History of the Connecticut Valley Railroad (Garnet Books)

By Max R. Miller

Wesleyan
Paperback (160 pages)

Along the Valley Line: The History of the Connecticut Valley Railroad (Garnet Books)
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The Connecticut Valley Railroad once carried both passengers and freight along the west bank of the Connecticut River between Hartford and Old Saybrook. Completed in 1871, today the railroad is known throughout New England for the nostalgic steam-powered excursion trains that run on a portion of the line between Essex and Chester. Until now the history of this popular tourist attraction has been the stuff of local lore and legend. This book, written by railroad historian and former vice president and director of Valley Railroad, Max R. Miller, provides the first comprehensive history of the Connecticut Valley Railroad through maps, ephemera, and archival photographs of the trains, bridges, and scenery surrounding the line. Offering tales of train wrecks, ghost sightings, booms and busts, Along the Valley Line will be treasured by railroad enthusiasts and historians alike.

The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)

By William Henry Carpenter

Forgotten Books
Paperback (292 pages)

The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time

There are but few persons in this country who have not, at some time or other, felt the want of an accurate, well written, concise, yet clear and reliable 'history of their own or some other state.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises

By Zachary Lamothe

Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
Paperback (160 pages)

Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises
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From tales of its haunted history, curious encounters, and forgotten places, Connecticut is full of surprises and worth investigating whether you re a local or an out-of-towner. Visit abandoned Norwich State Hospital and Daniel s Village, hear stories of demonic possessions, and discover the mysteries of Plum Island and the lore of Pirate treasure and witchcraft.

A Complete History Of Connecticut, Civil And Ecclesiastical: From The Emigration Of Its First Planters From England, In The Year 1630, To The Year 1764, And To The Close Of The Indian Wars, Volume 2

By Benjamin Trumbull

Palala Press
Hardcover (502 pages)

A Complete History Of Connecticut, Civil And Ecclesiastical: From The Emigration Of Its First Planters From England, In The Year 1630, To The Year 1764, And To The Close Of The Indian Wars, Volume 2
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Product Description:
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Hidden History of Connecticut Union Soldiers

By John Banks

The History Press
Released: 2015-10-26
Paperback (208 pages)

Hidden History of Connecticut Union Soldiers
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Over fifty thousand Connecticut soldiers served in the Union army during the Civil War, yet their stories are nearly forgotten today. Among the regiments that served, at least forty sets of brothers perished from battlefield wounds or disease. Little known is the 16th Connecticut chaplain who, as prisoner of war, boldly disregarded a Rebel commander's order forbidding him to pray aloud for President Lincoln. Then there is the story of the 7th Connecticut private who murdered a fellow soldier in the heat of battle and believed the man's ghost returned to torment him. Seven soldiers from Connecticut tragically drowned two weeks after the war officially ended when their ship collided with another vessel on the Potomac. Join author John Banks as he shines a light on many of these forgotten Connecticut Yankees.

Witchcraft Trials of Connecticut

By Richard G. Tomlinson

Connecticut Research, Inc.
Paperback (80 pages)

Witchcraft Trials of Connecticut
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The history of the witchcraft trials of Colonial Connecticut from original documents including, in some cases, depositions to court and letters not previously published. Covers the period from the first execution for witchcraft in America (Alse Youngs of Windsor, CT 1647)to the Fairfield Witch Panic of 1692 (contemporary with the Salem, MA trials). Contains the Great Hartford Witch Panic of 1662 which produced the last executions in Connecticut, 30 years before the Salem Trials.

A History of Jewish Connecticut:: Mensches, Migrants and Mitzvahs (American Heritage)

By Betty N. Hoffman

The History Press
Released: 2010-11-24
Paperback (160 pages)

A History of Jewish Connecticut:: Mensches, Migrants and Mitzvahs (American Heritage)
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During the Revolutionary War, Sephardic Jews fled British-occupied New York to become the first Jewish families in Connecticut. This long Jewish history is explored in a collection of essays by historians and community members across the state, from colonial times and the role Jews played in the Civil War to memories of summer nights at Lebanon's Grand Lake Lodge and Danbury's Lake Waubeeka. Join editor Betty N. Hoffman and company as they recount tales of Kid Kaplan, the Meriden Buzz Saw," who became boxing's 1925 Featherweight Champion of the World; the Lender family, who "bagelized America"; and the graceful personal service of Marlow's Department Store in Manchester to reveal a fascinating and intimate portrait of Jewish Connecticut."


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