Connecticut History - the history of Connecticut
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Connecticut   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Connecticut History

   
 

Connecticut History


Prior to European settlement, the area that is today known as Connecticut, was inhabited by various Algoquian tribes. The Dutch were the first Europeans to arrive in the area: Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block, is known to have sailed up the Connecticut River, at least as far as Hartford in 1614. The Dutch West India Company is also known to have been trading furs in the area in 1623, and to have later set up fortifications in the area.

English colonists from Massachusetts began to arrive in the 1630s, and created settlements at Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Hartford (1636), Saybrook (1636) and New Haven (1637). As might be expected, there was indeed considerable competition between the English and Dutch. This led the Dutch to send a party up river with the intention of taking gifts to the Indians and encouraging them to trade - however, the Dutch inadvertently transmitted smallpox into the Indian population, which wiped out 75% of the Indians within a year. Eventually the English gained the upper hand, and following the 1654 Treaty of Hartford, the Dutch withdrew completely from the area.

In 1662, the Connecticut Colony gained a Royal Charter that confirmed self-government, and granted a western limit to the colony of the Pacific Ocean. This claim, stretching across the entire North American continent, led to clashes with other colonies, that continued well into the late 18th century.

Connecticut was one of the 13 colonies involved in the American Revolution (1775 to 1783), but its internal self-government continued unchanged after it adopted the US Constitution on January 9th, 1788. The state in fact continued to operate under its 1662 Charter until 1818, when a new state constitution was finally adopted.

In the 20th century, large numbers of European immigrants arrived in Connecticut, including many immigrants from Italy and Poland, gradually transforming the ethnic mix in the state. Connecticut was an important supplier of military equipment in both World Wars, during the Cold War. Today the state is primarily suburban and middle-class, although there are still some rural areas. In recent years, the Pequot Native Americans (indigenous to the area) have gained official recognition, and the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation is now one of the richest in the country.


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The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)

By William Henry Carpenter

Forgotten Books
Paperback (292 pages)

The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)
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Product Description:
Excerpt from The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time

There are but few persons in this country who have not, at some time or other, felt the want of an accurate, well written, concise, yet clear and reliable 'history of their own or some other state.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Connecticut: A History

By David Morris Roth

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (264 pages)

Connecticut: A History
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  • ISBN13: 9780393331745
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Connecticut today continues to combine conservatism and inventiveness in a way that makes it different from other places. The people of Connecticut take pride in that, even as they struggle to balance the demands of change with old traditions and steady habits.

By American standards, Connecticut is a very old place. The descendants of many of its original Puritan settlers still live here, and in their names--Hale, Baldwin, Trumbull, Bulkeley--the spirit of Thomas Hooker still seems to cast a shadow. From its beginnings, caution and conservatism have shaped the Connecticut character and have made its nickname, "The Land of Steady Habits," truly descriptive of life here.

Yet not everyone in Connecticut shares either that ancestry or that disposition. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, people of decidedly different backgrounds and outlooks joined the scions of old Puritans and Yankees to enrich--and to complicate--the state's history. Though endowed by nature and the shapers of boundaries with few resources and little space, the people of Connecticut from colonial times to the present have distinguished themselves as enthusiastic and talented purveyors to the rest of the nation of a vast array of goods and services. In the process, they have secured for themselves a degree of economic eminence shared by few other places, and they have proven that there is substance in the old idea of "Yankee inventiveness."

A Primary Source History of the Colony of Connecticut (Primary Sources of the Thirteen Colonies And the Lost Colony)

By Ann Malaspina

Brand: Rosen Central
Paperback (64 pages)

A Primary Source History of the Colony of Connecticut (Primary Sources of the Thirteen Colonies And the Lost Colony)
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Uses primary source documents to provide an in-depth look into the history of the colony of Connecticut and includes a timeline, glossary, and primary source image list.

Hidden History of Connecticut

By Wilson Faude

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2010-11-26
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Connecticut
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Connecticut's history is full of engaging and fascinating stories, rocks that are national monuments, the "people's sculptor," football players on chapel finials, moons on the Travelers calendars, artists Frederic Church and Eric Sloane and even a Thanksgiving Day touch football game with a future president. These are tales from Greenwich to Enfield, from Sharon to Old Lyme and so much in between. Follow along with historian Wilson Faude in this "must-have" Connecticut book as he traverses the state in search of hidden history.

A History of Mystic, Connecticut: From Pequot Village to Tourist Town (Brief History)

By Leigh Fought

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2007-12-07
Paperback (160 pages)

A History of Mystic, Connecticut: From Pequot Village to Tourist Town (Brief History)
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Tucked away in a natural port, Mystic has long been home to seagoing adventure. In A History of Mystic, Connecticut, author and former Mystic Seaport librarian Leigh Fought relates the compelling story of this picturesque coastal community. Forged from the brutal Pequot War, for years Mystic was a quiet little farming village. Then came the War of 1812. Mystic's upstart venture capitalists seized on the war's dislocations to transform the settlement into a shipbuilding powerhouse. The shipyards launched vessels by the hundreds and an industry was born. The Civil War, steam-powered ships and the decline of commercial whaling halted Mystic's shipbuilding boom. Yet the town recovered, transforming itself into the charming nautical-themed tourist destination that has enchanted millions. Read Fought's comprehensive narrative to discover Mystic's role in New England's thrilling maritime saga.

Milford: A Brief History

By Frank Juliano

The History Press
Released: 2010-12-04
Paperback (144 pages)

Milford: A Brief History
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Purchased for six coats, twelve iron axes, ten blankets, twelve hatchets, twelve hoes, two dozen knives, six mirrors and a kettle, the town of Milford has blossomed into one of Connecticut's most treasured places. Local journalist and historian Frank Juliano takes us through the incredible stories of his town, including a series of vignettes about famous Milford residents such as Simon Lake, whose technology led to the development of the modern submarine. From the American Revolution, when seventy-three men from Milford marched to Boston to fight in the famous Battle of Lexington and Concord, to the backyard pit of a local farmhouse that was surely a stop on the Underground Railroad, Milford has its roots firmly grounded in the bedrock of American history.

A Fitch Family History: English Ancestors of the Fitches of Colonial Connecticut

By John T. Fitch

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (266 pages)

A Fitch Family History: English Ancestors of the Fitches of Colonial Connecticut
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Not since Roscoe Conkling Fitch wrote his History of the Fitch Family in 1930 has anyone published an authoritative account of the antecedents of the four Fitch brothers who came to America from county Essex, England in the 1600s. Now you can read the unembellished true story of the English Ancestors of the Fitches of Colonial Connecticut in a new Fitch Family History by prize-winning author John T. Fitch.

Connecticut Rock 'n' Roll: A History

By Tony Renzoni

The History Press
Released: 2017-08-07
Paperback (192 pages)

Connecticut Rock  n  Roll: A History
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Long neglected in the annals of American music, the Nutmeg State's influence on the history of rock'n'roll deserves recognition. Connecticut's musical highlights include the beautiful harmonies of New Haven's Five Satins, Gene Pitney's rise to fame, Stamford's the Fifth Estate and notable rockers such as Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth, Rivers Cuomo of Weezer and Saturday Night Live Band's Christine Ohlman. Rock Hall of Famers include Tina Weymouth and Chris Frantz of the Talking Heads and Dennis Dunaway of the Alice Cooper Band. Some events became legend, like Jimi Hendrix's spellbinding performance at Yale's Woolsey Hall, Jim Morrison's onstage arrest at the New Haven Arena and teenage Bob Dylan's appearance at Branford's Indian Neck Folk Festival. With in-depth interviews as well as rare, never-before-seen photos, author Tony Renzoni leads a sonic trip that captures the spirit and zenith of the local scene.

A History of the Connecticut River

By Wick Griswold

The History Press
Released: 2012-04-12
Paperback (128 pages)

A History of the Connecticut River
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Paddle from Enfield Rapids to Long Island Sound and travel down one of America's most famous waterways, the Connecticut River. Its calm waters conceal an unruly past, where native tribes lost ground to Dutch and English colonists who vied for the river's immense economic power. The skyline of Hartford looms on the western shore, with the gold dome of the capitol as a remnant of this robust economy centered on world trade. Many have found a deep inspiration along the river, including Lady Fenwick, a local legend; David Bushnell, creator of the first American submarine; and even Albert Einstein, who contemplated the cosmos while relaxing on the riverbanks. Author Wick Griswold takes readers on a provocative journey as he traces the history of the Connecticut River.

The History of Connecticut's Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe (American Heritage)

By Charles Brilvitch

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2007-11-19
Paperback (128 pages)

The History of Connecticut s Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe (American Heritage)
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From triumphs to tragedies, A History of Connecticut's Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe vividly recounts the long lost history of southwestern Connecticut's Paugussett tribe. Since the arrival of Columbus, Native Americans have endured countless hardships. Like all of New England's indigenous people, western Connecticut's Paugussett tribe has suffered injustice and fought determinedly to preserve their cultural identity. In A History of Connecticut's Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe, author Charles Brilvitch passionately chronicles the tribe's struggles and fascinating history through the Victorian era to the present, and traces their traditions and ongoing determination to preserve an irreplaceable and vanishing culture.


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