Arizona History - the history of Arizona
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Arizona   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Arizona History

   
 

Arizona History


The first Native American inhabitants of Arizona arrived between 16,000 BC and 10,000 BC. By 1,000 BC, these people were living a settle agricultural life, farming, particularly of maize. During the 1st millennium CE, at least three major cultures, all well-known for their architecture and pottery, the Anasazi, the Hohokam, and the Mogollon, were living in the area.

The first European to reach Arizona was Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan monk, in 1539. Additionally, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado's expedition of 1540-1542, crossed the area during their search for the mythical city of Cibola.

Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino developed a chain of missions, and taught the native Christianity, in the 1690s and early 1700s. Spanish colonization continued in the 18th century, with the establishment of fortified towns at Tubac and Tucson in 1752 and 1775 respectively.

When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, the area become part of Mexico. The United States took possession of most of Arizona (as well as other areas) following the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. The U.S. acquired some additional land, South of the Gila River, in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. Initially, Arizona was part of the Territory of New Mexico, but it became a separate territory on February 24th 1863.

During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), southern parts of the territory were aligned with Confederate States of America. The Confederates had the goal of reaching the Pacific Ocean and expanding their control into southern California, however this goal was effectively thwarted at the Battle of Picacho Pass, which was the western-most battle fought in the Civil War.

In the 1900s, Arizona almost entered the Union as part of New Mexico in a Republican plan to maintain control of the Senate, however the white population of Arizona was against being part of New Mexico whose population was mostly Hispanic. Arizona was finally admitted to the Union on February 14th 1912.

With the exception of a period during the Great Depression, Arizona has generally prospered since achieving statehood, and has experienced several boom periods. In recent years, the state has become an increasingly popular tourist and retirement destination, in large part due to its warm climate.


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Arizona: A History, Revised Edition (Southwest Center Series)

By Thomas E. Sheridan

University of Arizona Press
Paperback (504 pages)

Arizona: A History, Revised Edition (Southwest Center Series)
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  • University of Arizona Press
Product Description:

Hailed as a model state history thanks to Thomas E. Sheridan's thoughtful analysis and lively interpretation of the people and events shaping the Grand Canyon State, Arizona has become a standard in the field. Now, just in time for Arizona's centennial, Sheridan has revised and expanded this already top-tier state history to incorporate events and changes that have taken place in recent years. Addressing contemporary issues like land use, water rights, dramatic population increases, suburban sprawl, and the US-Mexico border, the new material makes the book more essential than ever. It successfully places the forty-eighth state's history within the context of national and global events. No other book on Arizona history is as integrative or comprehensive.

From stone spear points more than 10,000 years old to the boom and bust of the housing market in the first decade of this century, Arizona: A History explores the ways in which Native Americans, Hispanics, African Americans, Asians, and Anglos have inhabited and exploited Arizona. Sheridan, a life-long resident of the state, puts forth new ideas about what a history should be, embracing a holistic view of the region and shattering the artificial line between prehistory and history. Other works on Arizona's history focus on government, business, or natural resources, but this is the only book to meld the ethnic and cultural complexities of the state's history into the main flow of the story.

A must read for anyone interested in Arizona's past or present, this extensive revision of the classic work will appeal to students, scholars, and general readers alike.

Arizona Outlaws and Lawmen: Gunslingers, Bandits, Heroes and Peacekeepers (True Crime)

By Marshall Trimble

Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2015-04-13
Paperback (144 pages)

Arizona Outlaws and Lawmen: Gunslingers, Bandits, Heroes and Peacekeepers (True Crime)
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A refuge for outlaws at the close of the 1800s, the Arizona Territory was a wild, lawless land of greedy feuds, brutal killings and figures of enduring legend. These gunfighters included heroes as well as killers, and some were considered both. Bandit Pearl Hart committed one of the last recorded stagecoach robberies in the country, and James Addison Reavis pulled off the most extraordinary real estate scheme in the West. With fearless lawmen like C.P. Owens and George Ruffner at hand, swift justice was always nearby. In this collection, Arizona's official state historian and celebrated storyteller Marshall Trimble brings to life the rough-and-tumble characters from the Grand Canyon State's most terrific tales of outlawry and justice.

Roadside History of Arizona (Roadside History Series)

By Marshall Trimble

Mountain Press
Released: 2004-01-01
Paperback (489 pages)

Roadside History of Arizona (Roadside History Series)
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Join Marshall Trimble, state historian, storyteller, and native son, on the highways and back roads of Arizona, where a Grand Canyon's worth of facts and stories add up to a portrait of a state. Along the way meet Fathers Eusebio Kino and Francisco Garcés, Ned Beale and his camels, Nellie Bush and her steamboats, "Great Western" Sara Bowman, and the Navajo code talkers. Find out why Why's called Why; where Arizona's Civil War battlefields are; what happens at the Zuni River Reservation, where no Zuni live; and much, much more. Visitors, newcomers, and long-time residents alike will enjoy this travel and history classic, now revised and updated.

It Happened in Arizona: Remarkable Events That Shaped History (It Happened in the West)

By James A. Crutchfield

TwoDot
Paperback (176 pages)

It Happened in Arizona: Remarkable Events That Shaped History (It Happened in the West)
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It Happened in Arizona features thirty-six episodes from Arizona’s history—from the thirteenth-century creation of the Hohokam’s irrigation canals to the building of the Hoover Dam, and from
explorations of the Grand Canyon to a stagecoach robbery. This revised edition includes two new
chapters, a locator map, an updated design, and new/updated facts and figures.

Over The Edge: Death in Grand Canyon, Newly Expanded 10th Anniversary Edition

By Michael P. Ghiglieri

Puma Press
Paperback (586 pages)

Over The Edge: Death in Grand Canyon, Newly Expanded 10th Anniversary Edition
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This is a vastly expanded and revised edition of the 2001 classic that sold a quarter million copies, now updated after a decade,containing many gripping accounts of all known fatal mishaps in the most famous of the World's Seven Natural Wonders. Also available as an very limite, signed and numbered editionof 380 hardcover copies, under a separate ISBN and order item listing.

Unsolved Arizona: A Puzzling History of Murder, Mayhem & Mystery (True Crime)

By Jane Eppinga

The History Press
Released: 2015-08-24
Paperback (128 pages)

Unsolved Arizona: A Puzzling History of Murder, Mayhem & Mystery (True Crime)
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Are inscriptions on lead crosses found on the banks of the Santa Cruz River remnants of Freemasons or a hoax? How did famous evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson arrive in Douglas weeks after she went missing in Los Angeles and was presumed dead? Did the Lost Dutchman's treasure spell the end for Adolph Ruth, whose skull was found nearly a mile away from his body in the Superstition Mountains? Author Jane Eppinga details thirteen stories of disappearances, murders and unsolved cases from the annals of Arizona history.

Arizona: A Cavalcade of History, Second Edition

By Marshall Trimble

Brand: Rio Nuevo Publishers
Paperback (368 pages)

Arizona: A Cavalcade of History, Second Edition
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Revised and updated edition: the Grand Canyon state's rich past comes to life in this comprehensive history, written by Arizona's favorite native son, Marshall Trimble.

Arizona: A Cavalcade of History takes readers on an epic journey that includes the Paleo Indians of prehistoric Arizona, the spirited pioneers of the Arizona territory, the politics of pre- and post- Arizona statehood, and everything in between. Trimble writes with an impressive knowledge of his subject and a witty, intelligent, and entertaining style. 80 black-and-white photographs, maps

A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert

University of California Press
Paperback (590 pages)

A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert
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The landscape of the Sonoran Desert Region varies dramatically from parched desert lowlands to semiarid tropical forests and frigid subalpine meadows. Covering southeasternmost California, much of southern and central Arizona, most of Baja California, and much of the state of Sonora, Mexico, it is home to an extraordinary variety of plants and animals. A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert takes readers deep into its vast expanse, looking closely at the relationships of plants and animals with the land and people, through time and across landscapes.

In accessible language, more than forty scientists and/or naturalists examine the region’s biodiversity, geology, weather, plants, and animals (from invertebrates to fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals), as well as potential threats to the species and habitats. The text is supplemented throughout with anecdotes, essays, photographs, maps, diagrams, and 450 finely rendered drawings.

This new edition adds chapters on the Sky Islands, Sea of Cortez, desert pollinators, and conservation issues. Taxonomic nomenclature has been updated and new color plates and figures have been added. This comprehensive natural history, like the original edition, will surely become an invaluable companion for nature enthusiasts, birdwatchers, hikers, students, naturalists, and anyone interested in the desert Southwest.

Published in association with the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum.  

Line Rider

By Joseph Pearce

Lost Boys Ink
Paperback (256 pages)

Line Rider
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Line Rider is the true story of the life of Joseph Harrison Pearce (1873-1958), written by his own hand. During his lifetime, the “wild west” from the storybooks still lived and breathed in one of the last places to be modernized—Arizona. Joe, as he calls himself, took various roles throughout his adventurous life, including sheep herder, cowman, courter, tracker, line rider, and, most famously, that venerated breed of law man know as the Arizona Ranger. His story leads him to encounters with cattle rustlers, gamblers, saloons, stampedes, horse thieves, Indian trackers, outlaws, and nearly every other subject that later made its way into western legend. But this story is absolutely real, told in his own voice in vivid detail.

Arizona Ghost Towns and Mining Camps/a Travel Guide to History

By Phillip Varney

Brand: Arizona Highways
Paperback (136 pages)

Arizona Ghost Towns and Mining Camps/a Travel Guide to History
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Ghost town authority Philip Varney brings Old West to life with intriguing anecdotes and a gallery of rare historic photographs. Regional maps along with detailed travel information tell what each site is like today. Now completely updated with GPS waypoints.


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