Alabama History - the history of Alabama
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Alabama   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Alabama History

   
 

Alabama History


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area that is today Alabama was inhabited various Native American peoples including the Alibamu, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati and Mobile.

The first European settlement in Alabama, was established by the French at Mobile in 1702. As a result, southern Alabama was French from 1702 to 1763. This region subsequently became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1780, and later Spanish West Florida from 1780 to 1814.

The northern parts of Alabama were part of British Georgia from 1763 to 1783. This area became part of the American Mississippi Territory following the American Revolution (1775 to 1783).

In 1819, Alabama, became the 22nd state admitted to the Union. During this part of the 19th century, Alabama, was home to many large cotton plantations, which were worked by slaves. In the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), in an attempt to retain slavery, which it was thought was under threat of abolition, Alabama, seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America.

Alabama's slaves were emanicipated after the defeat of the Confederacy, at the end of the Civil War. Like many other southern states, Alabama went through a difficult period of Reconstruction. The state however remained a poor rural state, with an economy closely tied to cotton, and with legally enforced racial segregation (and consequent high racial tension).

Things gradually began to change in Alabama, as result of the changes wrought by World War II. In particular, the economy was no longer solely focused around cotton, with the emergence of growing industrial and service sectors.

Politically things also began to change in Alabama in the post-war period. The state, especially the cities of Birmingham and Montgomery, became a important and prominent location during the civil rights struggle. Eventually, despite the opposition of the state's Governor, George Wallace, to Federal integration efforts, blacks regained the right to vote, and Jim Crow segregation laws disappeared.


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Alabama: The Making of an American State

By Edwin C. Bridges

University Alabama Press
Paperback (264 pages)

Alabama: The Making of an American State
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Alabama: The Making of an American State is itself a watershed event in the long and storied history of the state of Alabama. Here, presented for the first time ever in a single, magnificently illustrated volume, Edwin C. Bridges conveys the magisterial sweep of Alabama’s rich, difficult, and remarkable history with verve, eloquence, and an unblinking eye.
 
From Alabama’s earliest fossil records to its settlement by Native Americans and later by European settlers and African slaves, from its territorial birth pangs and statehood through the upheavals of the Civil War and the civil rights movement, Bridges makes evident in clear, direct storytelling the unique social, political, economic, and cultural forces that have indelibly shaped this historically rich and unique American region.
 
Illustrated lavishly with maps, archival photographs, and archaeological artifacts, as well as art works, portraiture, and specimens of Alabama craftsmanship—many never before published—Alabama: The Making of an American State makes evident as rarely seen before Alabama’s most significant struggles, conflicts, achievements, and developments.
 
Drawn from decades of research and the deep archival holdings of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, this volume will be the definitive resource for decades to come for anyone seeking a broad understanding of Alabama’s evolving legacy.

Alabama: The History, Geography, Economics And Civics of an American State

By Leah Rawls, Lll Atkins

Brand: Crystal Clear Press, Inc.
Hardcover (436 pages)

Alabama: The History, Geography, Economics And Civics of an American State
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Book by Atkins, Leah Rawls, Lll, Jackson, Harvey H.

Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits & Bushwhackers (True Crime)

By Kelly Kazek

The History Press
Released: 2014-06-17
Paperback (128 pages)

Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits & Bushwhackers (True Crime)
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While legislators were writing the first laws in Alabama, some miscreant citizens were already breaking them, causing disorder and fleeing the hands of justice. Among these were cult-leader-turned-murderer "Bloody" Bob Sims, social-activist-turned-anarchist Albert Parsons, the mysterious hobo bandit Railroad Bill and the nefarious outlaw sheriff Steve Renfroe, who was credited with countless prison escapes, thefts and arson. Legendary Wild West figures Frank and Jesse James also appeared in Alabama, along with numerous other well-known gunslingers, pirates, crooks and desperados. Bushwhackers caused widespread chaos during the Civil War and were considered outlaws depending on which side you supported. Join real-life partners in crime Kelly Kazek and Wil Elrick as they recount the atrocities of some of Alabama's most infamous lawbreakers.

Alabama's Frontiers and the Rise of the Old South (A History of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier)

By Daniel Dupre

Indiana University Press
Paperback (288 pages)

Alabama s Frontiers and the Rise of the Old South (A History of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier)
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Alabama endured warfare, slave trading, squatting, and speculating on its path to becoming America’s 22nd state, and Daniel S. Dupre brings its captivating frontier history to life in Alabama's Frontiers and the Rise of the Old South. Dupre’s vivid narrative begins when Hernando de Soto first led hundreds of armed Europeans into the region during the fall of 1540. Although this early invasion was defeated, Spain, France, and England would each vie for control over the area’s natural resources, struggling to conquer it with the same intensity and ferocity that the Native Americans showed in defending their homeland. Although early frontiersmen and Native Americans eventually established an uneasy truce, the region spiraled back into war in the nineteenth century, as the newly formed American nation demanded more and more land for settlers. Dupre captures the riveting saga of the forgotten struggles and savagery in Alabama’s―and America’s―frontier days.

Alabama: The History of a Deep South State

By William Warren Rogers & Robert David Ward

Brand: University Alabama Press
Paperback (768 pages)

Alabama: The History of a Deep South State
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Once the home of aboriginal inhabitants, Alabama was claimed and occupied by European nations, later to become a permanent part of the United States. A cotton and slave state for more than half of the 19th century, Alabama declared its independence and joined another nation, the Confederate States of America, for its more than four-year history. The state assumed an uneasy and uncertain place in the 19th century’s last 35 years. Its role in the 20th century has been tumultuous but painfully predictable. This comprehensive history, written in the last decade of that century, presents, explains, and interprets the major events that occurred during Alabama’s history within the larger context of the South and the nation.
Alabama: The History of a Deep South State is the first completely new comprehensive account of the state since A.B. Moore’s 1935 work. Divided into three main sections, the first concluding in 1865, the second in 1920, and the third bringing the story to the present, the book’s organization is both chronological and topical.
General readers will welcome this modern history of Alabama, which examines such traditional subjects as politics, military events, economics, and broad social movements. Of equal value are sections devoted to race, Indians, women, and the environment, as well as detailed coverage of health, education, organized labor, civil rights, and the many cultural elements—from literature to sport—that have enriched Alabama’s history. The roles of individual leaders, from politicians to creative artists, are discussed. There is as well strong emphasis on the common people, those Alabamians who have been rightly described as the “bone and sinew” of the state.
Each section of the book was written by a scholar who has devoted much of his or her professional life to the study of that period of Alabama’s past, and although the three sections reflect individual style and interpretation, the authors have collaborated closely on overall themes and organization. The result is an objective look at the colorful, often controversial, state’s past. The work relies both on primary sources and such important secondary sources as monographs, articles, and unpublished theses and dissertations to provide fresh insights, new approaches, and new interpretations.

Amazing Alabama: A Coloring Book Journey Through Our 67 Counties

NewSouth Books
Released: 2017-11-01
Paperback (80 pages)

Amazing Alabama: A Coloring Book Journey Through Our 67 Counties
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Amazing Alabama: A Coloring Book Journey Through Alabama’s 67 Counties is a delightful, one-of-a-kind coloring book whose publication coincides with two significant bicentennial celebrations: the 2017 anniversary of Alabama becoming a territory and the 2019 anniversary of Alabama becoming a state. It is designed to to engage youngsters and adult coloring book enthusiasts in learning about the unique character of our nation’s 22nd state.



Every county in Alabama is featured in Amazing Alabama with an appealing line drawing of its iconic and lesser-known sites―historical, geographical, topographical, industrial and commercial, and more. Companion text identifies and provides context for the pictured elements. The book provides a comprehensive educational snapshot of all that is special about the state.



Author/illustrator Laura Murray was inspired to create Amazing Alabama, her first coloring book, after moving to Alabama with her husband from Georgia. Together, they made many road trips, which introduced her to the state’s history, its scenic highways and byways, its commercial centers and rustic small towns. Her coloring book showcases some of her favorite discoveries―the historic U.S. Post Office in Etowah County, Hatchet Creek in Coosa County, the pitcher plant bog in Chilton County, and much more.

Hidden History of North Alabama

By Jacquelyn Procter Reeves

The History Press
Released: 2010-05-06
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of North Alabama
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The tranquil waters of the Tennessee River hide a horrible tragedy that took place one steamy July day when co-workers took an excursion aboard the SCItanic. Lawrence County resident Jenny Brooks used the skull of one of her victims to wash her hands, but her forty-year quest for revenge cost more than she bargained for. Granville Garth jumped to his watery grave with a pocketful of secrets--did anyone collect the $10,000 reward for the return of the papers he took with him? Historian Jacquelyn Procter Reeves transports readers deep into the shadows of the past to learn about the secret of George Steele's will, the truth behind the night the Stars Fell on Alabama" and the story of the Lawrence County boys who died in the Goliad Massacre. Learn these secrets--and many more--in Hidden History of North Alabama."

History of Alabama: Adapted to the Use of Schools and for General Reading (Classic Reprint)

By L. D. Miller

Forgotten Books
Paperback (416 pages)

History of Alabama: Adapted to the Use of Schools and for General Reading (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from History of Alabama: Adapted to the Use of Schools and for General Reading

The children should also be taught to admire the Union soldiers for their brave and patriotic fight in saving the Union. A spiritof national patriotism should be inculcated by the revival of tl.e Fourth of July celebrations of ante bellum days and by erecting a national flag over every school-house, in accordance with the sugges tion of a joint resolution of the Alabama Legislature in 1898.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Alabama Off the Beaten Path: A Guide to Unique Places (Off the Beaten Path Series)

By Jackie Sheckler Finch

Globe Pequot Press
Released: 2014-09-02
Paperback (224 pages)

Alabama Off the Beaten Path: A Guide to Unique Places (Off the Beaten Path Series)
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Alabama Off the Beaten Path features the things travelers and locals want to see and experience––if only they knew about them. From the best in local dining to quirky cultural tidbits to hidden attractions, unique finds, and unusual locales, Alabama Off the Beaten Path takes the reader down the road less traveled and reveals a side of Alabama that other guidebooks just don't offer. In addition to the text being fully revised and updated, the 10th edition features a new cover treatment and new series branding.

Irresistible History of Alabama Barbecue, An: From Wood Pit to White Sauce (American Palate)

By Mark A. Johnson

The History Press
Released: 2017-08-07
Paperback (144 pages)

Irresistible History of Alabama Barbecue, An: From Wood Pit to White Sauce (American Palate)
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From Muscle Shoals to Mobile, Alabamians enjoy fabulous barbecue at home, at club meetings and at countless eateries. In the 1820s, however, a group of reformers wanted to eliminate the southern staple because politicians used it to entice voters. As the state and nation changed through wars and the civil rights movement, so did Alabama barbecue. Alabama restaurants like Big Bob Gibson's, Dreamland and Jim 'n Nick's have earned fans across the country. Mark A. Johnson traces the development of the state's famous food from the earliest settlement of the state to the rise of barbecue restaurants.


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